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CSS centering floated elements

Windows : Internet Explorer 5.5+ [ 1 ], Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome, Opera 9.52+ [ 2 ], Safari 3.1+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 3 ].

Linux : Firefox 1.0+, Chromium, Opera 9.52+ [ 4 ], SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 5 ], NetSurf 3.0+.

Centering an inline block containing several inline elements. The block is centered horizontally - [ Open demo page ].

Sometimes there is a need to have a centered group of floated elements, which is to serve as a title or a pagination box. Since this group of floated elements is going to be used as a title for content blocks of various dimensions or pagination box may grow or shrink in its size, then the width of the group of floated elements is to vary unpredictably as well. So a method of centering based on using a certain known width of the box is not going to work.

And as an extra to the task there is a desirable condition: the title or pagination box has to be centered once and for all at the time of the box creation, so that this group of floated elements may be reused without any extra work over it: just place the complex where you need it and put the text or / and images you want to inside it - the group is centered anyway.

This problem can be solved by several methods using several technologies: CSS, CSS + JavaScript, CSS + HTML (<table></table> tags system). The CSS centering floated elements is the most simple and reliable. So, here a pure CSS centering of floated elements is discussed.

CSS centering floated elements:

1. First, a more simple case, css centering of a title box consisting of floated elements: images and text:

HTML / XHTML. Code:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">

<head>

<title>CSS centering floated elements: 1</title>

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=Windows-1252" />

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css.css" />

</head>

<body>

<div class="box">

<span class="title-box">

<img src="snowflake.gif" width="37" height="34" alt="" class="title-imgs" />

<span class="title-text">CSS centering floated elements</span>

<img src="snowflake.gif" width="37" height="34" alt="" class="title-imgs" />

</span>

</div>

</body>

</html>

CSS. Code:

html {height: 100%; margin: 0px;}

body {background-color: #fff; margin: 0px; height: 100%; text-align: center; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 26px; color: #006;}

.box {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: auto; text-align: center; border: solid #ccc 1px;}

.title-box {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: auto; margin: auto; display: table; display: inline-block;}

.title-imgs {float: left;}

.title-text {float: left;}

CSS centering floated elements: [ Open demo page ].

2. Now the full example of css centering floated elements: three pages with title boxes consisting of floated elements - images and text and pagination boxes consisting of floated elements - text, part of it changing its size when clicking from one page to another:

HTML / XHTML. Page 1. Code:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">

<head>

<title>CSS centering floated elements: 2. Page 1</title>

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=Windows-1252" />

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="cssfull.css" />

</head>

<body>

<div class="all">

<div class="content">

<div class="box">

<span class="title-box">

<img src="snowflake.gif" width="37" height="34" alt="" class="title-imgs" />

<span class="title-text"><a href="css-centering-floated-elements.htm" class="title-text-link">CSS centering floated elements</a></span>

<img src="snowflake.gif" width="37" height="34" alt="" class="title-imgs" />

</span>

</div>

<div class="content-text">

There are situations, when there is a need to have a centered group of floated elements, which is to serve as a title or a pagination box. Since this group of floated elements is going to be used as a title for content blocks of various dimensions or pagination box may grow or shrink in its size, then the width of the group of floated elements is to vary unpredictably as well. So a method of centering based on using a certain known width of the box is not going to work.
</div>

<div class="pagination-box">

<span class="pagination-box-all">

<span class="pagination-box-text">Page:</span>

<span class="pagination-box-numbers-links-visited">1</span>

<span class="pagination-box-numbers"><a href="css-centering-floated-elements-demo-page-full-2.htm" class="pagination-box-numbers-links">2</a></span>

<span class="pagination-box-numbers"><a href="css-centering-floated-elements-demo-page-full-3.htm" class="pagination-box-numbers-links">3</a></span>

</span>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</body>

</html>

HTML / XHTML. Page 2. Code:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">

<head>

<title>CSS centering floated elements: 2. Page 2</title>

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=Windows-1252" />

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="cssfull.css" />

</head>

<body>

<div class="all">

<div class="content">

<div class="box">

<span class="title-box">

<img src="snowflake.gif" width="37" height="34" alt="" class="title-imgs" />

<span class="title-text"><a href="css-centering-floated-elements.htm" class="title-text-link">CSS centering floated elements</a></span>

<img src="snowflake.gif" width="37" height="34" alt="" class="title-imgs" />

</span>

</div>

<div class="content-text">

And as an extra to the task there is a desirable condition: the title or pagination box has to be centered once and for all at the time of the box creation, so that this group of floated elements may be reused without any extra work over it: just place the complex where you need it and put the text or / and images you want to inside it - the group is centered anyway.
</div>

<div class="pagination-box">

<span class="pagination-box-all">

<span class="pagination-box-text">Page:</span>

<span class="pagination-box-numbers"><a href="css-centering-floated-elements-demo-page-full-1.htm" class="pagination-box-numbers-links">1</a></span>

<span class="pagination-box-numbers-links-visited">2</span>

<span class="pagination-box-numbers"><a href="css-centering-floated-elements-demo-page-full-3.htm" class="pagination-box-numbers-links">3</a></span>

</span>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</body>

</html>

HTML / XHTML. Page 3. Code:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">

<head>

<title>CSS centering floated elements: 2. Page 3</title>

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=Windows-1252" />

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="cssfull.css" />

</head>

<body>

<div class="all">

<div class="content">

<div class="box">

<span class="title-box">

<img src="snowflake.gif" width="37" height="34" alt="" class="title-imgs" />

<span class="title-text"><a href="css-centering-floated-elements.htm" class="title-text-link">CSS centering floated elements</a></span>

<img src="snowflake.gif" width="37" height="34" alt="" class="title-imgs" />

</span>

</div>

<div class="content-text">

This problem can be solved by several methods using several technologies: CSS, CSS + JavaScript, CSS + HTML (<table></table> tags system). The CSS centering floated elements is the most simple and reliable. So, here a pure CSS centering of floated elements is discussed.
</div>

<div class="pagination-box">

<span class="pagination-box-all">

<span class="pagination-box-text">Page:</span>

<span class="pagination-box-numbers"><a href="css-centering-floated-elements-demo-page-full-1.htm" class="pagination-box-numbers-links">1</a></span>

<span class="pagination-box-numbers"><a href="css-centering-floated-elements-demo-page-full-2.htm" class="pagination-box-numbers-links">2</a></span>

<span class="pagination-box-numbers-links-visited">3</span>

</span>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</body>

</html>

CSS. Code:

html {height: 100%; margin: 0px;}

body {background-color: #fff; margin: 0px; height: 100%; text-align: center; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 26px; color: #006;}

.all {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: 100%; margin-top: 10px; padding-bottom: 10px; float: left; clear: both; background-color: #fff;}

.content {position: relative; top: 0px; left: 0px; width: 800px; height: auto; text-align: left; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; background-color: #fff; padding: 6px 15px 15px 15px;}

.box {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: auto; text-align: center; border-bottom: solid #ccc 1px; padding: 0 0 16px 0;}

.title-box {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: auto; margin: auto; display: table; display: inline-block;}

.title-imgs {float: left;}

.title-text {float: left;}

.content-text {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: auto; text-align: justify; margin: 20px 0 23px 0; font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 17px; color: #000000;}

.pagination-box {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: auto; text-align: center; border-top: solid #ccc 1px; padding: 16px 0 0 0;}

.pagination-box-all {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: auto; margin: auto; display: table; display: inline-block; line-height: 30px;}

.pagination-box-text {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: auto; float: left;}

.pagination-box-numbers {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: auto; float: left; margin: 0 5px 0 5px;}

.pagination-box-numbers-links-visited {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: auto; float: left; margin: 0 5px 0 5px; font-size: 30px; color: #cc0000; text-decoration: underline;}

a.title-text-link:link {font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 26px; color: #000033; text-decoration: none; float: left;}

a.title-text-link:visited {font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 26px; color: #000033; text-decoration: none; float: left;}

a.title-text-link:hover {font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 26px; color: #cc0000; text-decoration: none; float: left;}

a.title-text-link:active {font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 26px; color: #000033; text-decoration: none; float: left;}

a.pagination-box-numbers-links:link {font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 26px; color: #000033; text-decoration: none; float: left;}

a.pagination-box-numbers-links:visited {font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 26px; color: #000033; text-decoration: none; float: left;}

a.pagination-box-numbers-links:hover {font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 26px; color: #cc0000; text-decoration: underline; float: left;}

a.pagination-box-numbers-links:active {font-family: 'Times New Roman', 'Liberation Serif', serif; font-size: 26px; color: #000033; text-decoration: none; float: left;}

CSS centering floated elements. Aggregate result: [ Open demo page ] [ Download archive file ].


[ 1 ]

Partially Internet Explorer 4.01.

[ 2 ]

Just centering of floated elements works in Opera 9.0+.

[ 3 ]

As well as Mozilla 1.7.1+, Netscape 7.2+. Partially Netscape Communicator 4.7 and Mozilla 1.0.

[ 4 ]

Just centering of floated elements works in Opera 9.0+.

[ 5 ]

As well as Mozilla 1.7.1+, Netscape 7.2+. More or less Dillo 2.2.1+. Partially Netscape Communicator 4.7 and Mozilla 1.0.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

ELinks. Configuration

 

Jump to: ELinks - Text-based or console web browser. Description: features, screenshots, download links. ELinks. Use - How to use ELinks. What ELinks can and what can not, i.e. what may be configured depends on several things. The most common are capability of the console it is run on and support of what was chosen during the compilation process of an ELinks browser source code. Under certain operating systems (Windows for instance) it is easier and more reliable to omit some possible features. The configuration of ELinks 0.12pre2 from Package Database of Zenwalk Linux (originally based on Slackware, still keeping compatibility with its binary packages) is discussed here. It is quite representative in its qualities among other Linux ELinks browser versions for desktop PC computers. User interface of Windows ELinks and that of Linux / some other *nix systems ELinks of comparable versions are the same. If an ELinks package has been compiled without some feature or the console is not capable of something then it just will not be possible to choose the feature in the configuration process; or possible, but it will not work. For example, if this ELinks is compiled without support of 256 colors or your console is not capable of displaying them, then it just will only be possible to choose 16 or "No colors (mono)" in the menu. And the ELinks will work as much well in the rest. The whole configuration of ELinks may be done through the menu of the browser - there is no need to edit config files. Even if some fine-tuning may require editing of elinks.conf or even source code files - but that is not the issue for average use. The menu of ELinks is hidden when it is displaying a web page: To access the menu, press Esc on the keyboard: Configuration options are in "Setup" group: 1 ) "Language" - set a language of ELinks user interface. It is possible to set it to the system language or to several others. System and terminal emulator / console have to be prepared for this change - corresponding localization / internationalization files installed and configured. Choose a language (English in this example): To keep it, press Esc again, then Setup, then Save options, then confirm by clicking OK.

Screenshots in DOS

 

There are several programs for taking screenshots in DOS. SNARF, for instance. Using this application succeeded in taking screenshots in most of the cases. Also, the screenshots' quality (.BMP files) by SNARF results to be the highest among the programs tested: ScreenThief, VideoThief, FLIP, GRABBER, SNARF. Using SNARF with default settings is straightforward, but there is a shortcoming - SNARF always saves screenshots to the folder where the user is currently in. That could be inconvenient or unacceptable. And there is no obvious way to change it. But there is a roundabout option. The initial idea had been found on this page. The result based on it: 1. SNARF [ Download ] 2. Open SNARF.EXE in a text editor in text mode (not hex), find snarf000.bmp and replace it for s:scn000.bin 3. Create a batch file, S.BAT for example, where besides a string for starting SNARF.EXE will be a command assigning the path to the folder screenshots will be saved into to a virtual drive S: The folder and path may be any: C:\SOFT\SNARF.EXE SUBST S: C:\SCREENS\ 4. Start SNARF: S [or S.BAT] 5. To take a screenshot: Alt + S There will be two beeps. The first at the beginning and the second one as a sign the process has completed successfully. After the screenshots are taken, go to the folder where they are saved in and replace the file extensions from .BIN to .BMP SNARF - Freeware.