Kompx.com or Compmiscellanea.com

Lightweight web browsers for Linux

Operating systems : Linux

Netsurf : Hv3 : Dillo : Links2

Nowadays the real lightweight web browsers are those without JavaScript and Flash support or with a very limited one. Because a web browser even with the lightest interface becomes heavyweight working with the modern internet crammed with scripts and multimedia. These browsers are not numerous and some of them are moving towards getting JavaScript support - i.e. towards dropping out of the "Lightweight web browsers" category.

Lightweight web browsers may be more advanced - with CSS support. Or less - no CSS support or close to that.

Netsurf - / home page /

Currently the most advanced lightweight web browser for Linux. CSS support is quite solid. Good support of HTML. Feeble support for JavaScript - may be disabled by default. There is a version of Netsurf for *nix systems that can be run without X, using framebuffer of graphic adapter. Created initially for RISC OS and only later ported to Linux. There are also versions for other *nix systems, for AmigaOS, AmigaOS 4, Atari OS, BeOS/Haiku, Mac OS X, MorphOS.

More about Netsurf features )

NetSurf 3.0 on PuppyLinux 5.2.8:

netsurf-browser.org

Image : NetSurf - 1

NetSurf 3.0 on PuppyLinux 5.2.8:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : NetSurf - 2

NetSurf 3.0 on PuppyLinux 5.2.8:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netsurf

Image : NetSurf - 3

NetSurf 3.0 on PuppyLinux 5.2.8:

ebay.com

Image : NetSurf - 4

NetSurf 3.0 on PuppyLinux 5.2.8:

kompx.com/en/web-browsers-for-dos.htm

Image : NetSurf - 5

NetSurf 3.0 on PuppyLinux 5.2.8:

twitter.com

Image : NetSurf - 6

Hv3 - / home page /

Less advanced lightweight web browser for Linux, but still having considerable CSS support. Weak JavaScript / ECMAScript support. Quite good HTML support. There are versions for Linux and Windows.

More about Hv3 features )

Hv3 20070702:

tkhtml.tcl.tk

Image : Hv3 - 1

Hv3 20070702:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : Hv3 - 2

Hv3 20070702:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tkhtml

Image : Hv3 - 3

Hv3 20070702:

ebay.com

Image : Hv3 - 4

Hv3 20070702:

twitter.com

Image : Hv3 - 6

Dillo - / home page /

Partial, improving with newer versions, CSS support. Moderately good HTML support. Fast, faster is only Links2. Various versions of Dillo work in Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X and other *nix systems, RISC OS, on some PDAs and SONY PlayStation2. There are ports to DOS and Windows.

More about Dillo features )

Dillo 2.2.1:

dillo.org

Image : Dillo - 1

Dillo 2.2.1:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : Dillo - 2

Dillo 2.2.1:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dillo

Image : Dillo - 3

Dillo 2.2.1:

ebay.com

Image : Dillo - 4

Dillo 2.2.1:

twitter.com

Image : Dillo - 6

Links2 - / home page /

Less advanced lightweight web browser for Linux - no CSS support; before the 2.1pre28 version there was weak, sparing JavaScript support. Moderately good HTML support. The fastest among the discussed - possibly the fastest of all web browsers with graphical user interface. It can be run without X, using SVGALib or framebuffer of graphic adapter. There are versions for Linux, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, other *nix systems, OS/2, AtheOS, BeOS, Windows (Cygwin).

More about Links2 features )

Links2 2.1pre21:

links.twibright.com

Image : Links2 - 1

Links2 2.1pre21:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : Links2 - 2

Links2 2.1pre21:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Links_(web_browser)

Image : Links2 - 3

Links2 2.1pre21:

ebay.com

Image : Links2 - 4

Links2 2.1pre21:

twitter.com

Image : Links2 - 6

Besides the aforementioned ones, there is one more lightweight web browser - Mosaic-CK. But its Linux version is experimental and requires to have additional software installed, which may prove to be troublesome or impossible in some distributions.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

HTTP to HTTPS redirect in .htaccess

 

Redirecting from HTTP to HTTPS, when the web server serving the pages is behind a load balancer or reverse proxy. Server configuration: Apache + nginx; SSL is enabled; SSL-certificate is purchased, approved and installed. That is, everything is up and running. So it is just the HTTP to HTTPS redirection that is left to get ready and start up. Directives for .htaccess file: RewriteEngine On RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC] RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] RewriteCond %{HTTP:X_FORWARDED_PROTO} !https [NC] RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] HTTP to HTTPS redirect -- Enable runtime rewriting engine: RewriteEngine On -- If domain name has no www: RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC] -- Then replace it with domain with www: RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] -- If HTTPS is not present: RewriteCond %{HTTP:X_FORWARDED_PROTO} !https [NC] -- Then replace domain without HTTPS with domain with HTTPS: RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] Notes 1. X_FORWARDED_PROTO may instead be called X-Forwarded-Proto or even else. The point is to obtain the information from a load balancer or reverse proxy on the original request it gets. Load balancers or reverse proxies may provide the web server with this info and a header named X_FORWARDED_PROTO or X-Forwarded-Proto or else may be sent, holding the protocol string. It is most often so, but not always. So it should probably be determined by practice how to get the protocol string in a particular case. 2. The other way is just to set the environment variable (if it is suitable for the given web server): SetEnvIf X_FORWARDED_PROTO https HTTPS=on Then directives for .htaccess file are to be like this: RewriteEngine On SetEnvIf X_FORWARDED_PROTO https HTTPS=on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC] RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] RewriteCond %{HTTP:HTTPS} !on [NV] RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] 3. Apache Module mod_rewrite docs: http://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html

CSS centering <hr />

 

CSS centering <hr />, if its width is less than 100%. Horizontal centering. Example: HTML / XHTML. Code: <hr /> CSS. Code: hr {width: 50%; margin: 0 25% 0 25%;} /* Extra CSS, just styling the look: */ hr {height: 1px; float: left; border: 0px; color: #f00; background: #f00;} Note: mostly it works both with float: left and float: none. But float: left makes it for sure. [ 1 ] As well as Netscape 4.04+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 2 ] As well as Netscape 4.04+, Mozilla 0.6+.