Aliosque subditos et thema
Centering the whole content of a web page in the viewable area of a browser by pure HTML - no CSS. A box to keep the content of the page is HTML centered horizontally and vertically - [ Open demo page ] HTML. Code: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"> <html> <head> <title>HTML centering</title> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=Windows-1252"> </head> <body bgcolor="#ffffff"> <table width="100%" height="100%" bgcolor="#a3ddc4"> <tr> <td align="center"> <table width="800" height="500" bgcolor="#ff6f6f"> <tr> <td> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> </body> </html> The outer HTML table makes the whole web browser viewable area, except margins, a HTML table and the whole area of this HTML table - a HTML table cell. The cell of the outer HTML table inherits the default value for valign attribute from its parent table row. And this row in its turn inherits the default value for valign attribute from the outer HTML table tbody - even if tbody tag is not used. And that value is middle. So a block of content inside the cell of the outer HTML table is centered vertically in web browser viewable are. Align="center" of the outer HTML table cell makes a block of content inside it centered horizontally in web browser viewable are. The inner table, the one inside of the outer HTML table cell makes up a box of a given size. Or there may be no set height or no set width or both. Then the size of the box is to adjust to accommodate the content, whatever its dimensions are. If the width or height or both of the box results to be larger than web browser viewable area, then it still ends up to be centered. Since HTML centering is the oldest method to center content horizontally and vertically, it works well not just in older web browsers, but in ones that can be described as downright ancient. Like adding one more HTML tag ( <center></center> ) around the outer table makes it funcion as deep as Internet Explorer 3 : [ Open demo page ] Download Internet Explorer 3: a pack, containing 3.0, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0 versions of Internet Explorer HTML.
A : Installing Arachne web browser on a disk created in RAM - Arachne runs the fastest this way. RAM size should allow for a RAM disk of 6 MB or more. In order to install and set up Arachne web browser for dial-up internet connection, there have to be several programs at hand: 1. Arachne web browser [ Download ] 2. If Arachne web browser is to be used for surfing web pages with character encoding other than Latin for West European languages, visit www.glennmcc.org/apm/ to find available character set packages and download the necessary one. 3. Mouse driver, mouse.com for instance [ Download ] 4. Archivers. For example, PKZIP [ Download ] and PKUNZIP [ Download ] 5. If it is not MS-DOS 6.0+ to be used, QEMM97 [ Download ] 6. If it is not MS-DOS 6.0+ to be used, TDSK [ Download ] Installing and setting up Arachne web browser, step by step: 1. Create a RAM disk. Which drive letter will be assigned to it comes from the assumption that A: and B: go to floppy drives (even if there is only one, both letters will be reserved anyway), C: goes to the first active primary MS-DOS partition on the first physical hard disk. If there are more disks, then there will be as many letters used consecutively as to name them all. Unless there are no devices installed using DRIVER.SYS or similar drivers, the next drive letter will be assigned to the RAM disk. In order to be sure, after having the relevant string for making RAM disk added to CONFIG.SYS (See below), computer could be restarted and what letter is assigned to the RAM disk checked by experiment. In this case, it is E: Depending on RAM size it needs to be decided how many megabytes can be reserved for RAM disk. Basically, the more the better. Since, for instance, web browser cache is going to swell during prolonged and intensive use within a session. In this example the RAM disk is 12 000 KB. The maximum size for RAMDRIVE.SYS MS-DOS driver is 32 767 KB, the one of TDSK - 64 MB. In order to create such a disk, the string has to be added somewhere in the middle of CONFIG.SYS as follows: DEVICE=C:\DOS\RAMDRIVE.SYS 12000 512 512 /E 2. Create a folder, for example C:\DRIVERS\. Put there a mouse driver, for instance mouse.com 3. Add a string starting mouse driver to AUTOEXEC.BAT. Specify there the full path to the driver, may be any: LH C:\DRIVERS\MOUSE.COM 4. Run MemMaker or OPTIMIZE from QEMM97 to optimize base memory management. If it is MemMaker, press Enter at any suggestion - MemMaker will handle it itself. Computer is going to restart several times, each time MemMaker will be re-running - again nothing, just Enter, is a safe choice. If it is QEMM97 (specifically OPTIMIZE), then there is going to be several restarts too and each time just pressing Enter is OK. 5. Start installation of Arachne web browser on RAM disk. In the case discussed it is E: A195GPL.EXE Press Y to continue: Press N to specify the path to the folder Arachne web browser is to be installed in: Specify the path to the folder Arachne web browser is to be installed in. In the case discussed it is E:\ARACHNE\.