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Pure CSS responsive square

Windows : Internet Explorer 8.0+, Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome, Opera 4.0+, Safari 3.1+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 1 ].

Linux : Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome / Chromium, Opera 5.0+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 2 ], NetSurf 3.0+, Hv3.

Responsive CSS square. No JavaScript / jQuery. Example:

 

HTML / XHTML. Code:

<div class="square">&nbsp;</div>

CSS. Code:

.square {width: 10%; height: 0; padding-bottom: 10%;}

/* Extra CSS, just styling the look: */

.square {background: #fd0;}

Width: 10% makes the .square div to be 10% of the parent element's width. Height: 0 eliminates any height the element may have, letting padding-bottom: 10% to make it exactly equal to the width. So each time the width of the parent container is changed, the element's size gets recalculated.

Based on the concept - CSS grid with responsive square cells:

Square cell 1
Square cell 2
Square cell 3
Square cell 4
Square cell 5
Square cell 6
Square cell 7
Square cell 8

[ 1 ]

As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+.

[ 2 ]

As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

HTTP to HTTPS redirect in .htaccess

 

Redirecting from HTTP to HTTPS, when the web server serving the pages is behind a load balancer or reverse proxy. Server configuration: Apache + nginx; SSL is enabled; SSL-certificate is purchased, approved and installed. That is, everything is up and running. So it is just the HTTP to HTTPS redirection that is left to get ready and start up. Directives for .htaccess file: RewriteEngine On RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC] RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] RewriteCond %{HTTP:X_FORWARDED_PROTO} !https [NC] RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] HTTP to HTTPS redirect -- Enable runtime rewriting engine: RewriteEngine On -- If domain name has no www: RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC] -- Then replace it with domain with www: RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] -- If HTTPS is not present: RewriteCond %{HTTP:X_FORWARDED_PROTO} !https [NC] -- Then replace domain without HTTPS with domain with HTTPS: RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] Notes 1. X_FORWARDED_PROTO may instead be called X-Forwarded-Proto or even else. The point is to obtain the information from a load balancer or reverse proxy on the original request it gets. Load balancers or reverse proxies may provide the web server with this info and a header named X_FORWARDED_PROTO or X-Forwarded-Proto or else may be sent, holding the protocol string. It is most often so, but not always. So it should probably be determined by practice how to get the protocol string in a particular case. 2. The other way is just to set the environment variable (if it is suitable for the given web server): SetEnvIf X_FORWARDED_PROTO https HTTPS=on Then directives for .htaccess file are to be like this: RewriteEngine On SetEnvIf X_FORWARDED_PROTO https HTTPS=on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\. [NC] RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] RewriteCond %{HTTP:HTTPS} !on [NV] RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L] 3. Apache Module mod_rewrite docs: http://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html

CSS nowrap

 

Preventing text wrapping by means of CSS: Preventing this text from wrapping HTML / XHTML. Code: <div class="nowrap">Preventing this text from wrapping</div> CSS. Code: .nowrap {white-space: nowrap;} Keeping text from wrapping using CSS - i.e. achieving the same effect as with HTML table cell nowrap attribute. Notes The default value for the white-space property - white-space: normal - brings text wrapping back. Adding <br /> into text overrides CSS command and makes the text to wrap at that point. [ 1 ] As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 2 ] As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+.