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CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 1

Windows : Internet Explorer 8.0+, Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome, Opera 4.0+, Safari 3.1+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 1 ].

Linux : Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome / Chromium, Opera 5.0+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 2 ].

Centering the content of a web page in the viewable area of a browser by means of CSS. A box to contain the whole content of the page is CSS centered horizontally and vertically: [ Open demo page ]

HTML / XHTML. Code:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<title>CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 1</title>

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css.css" />

</head>

<body>

<div class="all">

<div class="wrapper">

<div class="pagecontent">&nbsp;</div>

</div>

</div>

</body>

</html>

CSS. Code:

html {height: 100%; margin: 0px;}

body height: 100%; margin: 0px;}

.all {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: 100%; width: 100%; float: left; display: table;}

.wrapper {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: 100%; display: table-cell; vertical-align: middle;}

.pagecontent {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: 500px; width: 800px; margin: 0 auto; background: #ff6f6f;}

The .pagecontent box is for the page content. It may be of height assigned explicitly or just "height: auto". Unlike CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 2, here percents may also be used as CSS units; not just px's or em's. Height and width may be larger than web browser viewable area, but here the more practical case is discussed - when the height and width of .pagecontent are smaller than those of the web browser viewable area.

The .pagecontent box is horizontally centered by its "margin: 0 auto".

.All with its CSS properties makes the whole web browser viewable area into a CSS table.

CSS properties makes .wrapper into the cell of this CSS table. The content of this CSS table cell - the .pagecontent box with everything inside it - is vertically centered in the viewable area of a browser by "vertical-align: middle".


[ 1 ]

As well as Netscape 7.2+, Mozilla 1.5+.

[ 2 ]

As well as Netscape 7.2+, Mozilla 1.5+.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

Internet Explorer 3. Screenshots 1

 

Internet Explorer 3 running under Windows 7 (32-bit). Screenshots 1. Internet Explorer 3: windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows/upgrade-your-browser Internet Explorer 3: w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp Internet Explorer 3: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Explorer_3 Internet Explorer 3: ebay.com Internet Explorer 3: kompx.com/en/netscape-3-screenshots-1.htm Internet Explorer 3: twitter.com Download Internet Explorer 3: a pack, containing 3.0, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0 versions of Internet Explorer. During installation process it is possible to select which one version only to install or install several or install all. It is very much probable that all versions, except Internet Explorer 3, will not work even under 32-bit Windows 7. So if you would like to try all older Internet Explorers you should have Windows XP or earlier installed. Internet Explorer 3 functions under 32-bit Windows 7 pretty well though.

Windows console applications. Web browsers

 

Lynx : Links : ELinks Text-based, or console web browsers are more typical for the Linux environment and other Unix-like systems. There the text-based web browsers were created, there is their main line of development. Very few (e.g., Wanna-Be / WannaBe for classic Mac OS) console web browsers were made originally for some other operating systems. And the text web browsers for Windows are the versions of console web browsers for *nix systems. Although those of them that do not work in the Cygwin environment have their little peculiarities. In former times text-based web browsers were an important tool for viewing web documents. With the development of GUI programs further in the dial-up era, text web browsers have been useful as the fastest way to view web documents and as a part of text-to-speech systems. The spread of broadband Internet and specialized soft for text-to-speech systems cut the scope of the console web browsers. All the more, most Windows users have always had a quite vague idea of their existence. However, text web browsers are highly specialized mature tools that may be useful in various situations using Windows. Lynx - / home page / Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, DOS, Windows, BeOS, MINIX, QNX, AmigaOS, OpenVMS and classic Mac OS. HTML ( More 1 ) ( More 2 ). Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: lynx.isc.org Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynx_(web_browser) Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: ebay.com Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: kompx.com/en/web-browsers-for-dos.htm Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: twitter.com Links - / home page / Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, BeOS, Haiku, OS/2, DOS, Windows.