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CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 1

Windows : Internet Explorer 8.0+, Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome, Opera 4.0+, Safari 3.1+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 1 ].

Linux : Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome / Chromium, Opera 5.0+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 2 ].

Centering the content of a web page in the viewable area of a browser by means of CSS. A box to contain the whole content of the page is CSS centered horizontally and vertically: [ Open demo page ]

HTML / XHTML. Code:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<title>CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 1</title>

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css.css" />

</head>

<body>

<div class="all">

<div class="wrapper">

<div class="pagecontent">&nbsp;</div>

</div>

</div>

</body>

</html>

CSS. Code:

html {height: 100%; margin: 0px;}

body height: 100%; margin: 0px;}

.all {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: 100%; width: 100%; float: left; display: table;}

.wrapper {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: 100%; display: table-cell; vertical-align: middle;}

.pagecontent {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: 500px; width: 800px; margin: 0 auto; background: #ff6f6f;}

The .pagecontent box is for the page content. It may be of height assigned explicitly or just "height: auto". Unlike CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 2, here percents may also be used as CSS units; not just px's or em's. Height and width may be larger than web browser viewable area, but here the more practical case is discussed - when the height and width of .pagecontent are smaller than those of the web browser viewable area.

The .pagecontent box is horizontally centered by its "margin: 0 auto".

.All with its CSS properties makes the whole web browser viewable area into a CSS table.

CSS properties makes .wrapper into the cell of this CSS table. The content of this CSS table cell - the .pagecontent box with everything inside it - is vertically centered in the viewable area of a browser by "vertical-align: middle".


[ 1 ]

As well as Netscape 7.2+, Mozilla 1.5+.

[ 2 ]

As well as Netscape 7.2+, Mozilla 1.5+.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

FTP in DOS

 

FTP in DOS. mTCP mTCP is a suite containing several utilities, one of which is FTP. It is similar to the FTP client of various Windows, running in Command Prompt. In order to install and use mTCP: 1. mTCP [ Home page ] 2. Packet driver for Ethernet network card: http://www.crynwr.com/drivers/ http://www.georgpotthast.de/sioux/packet.htm 3. Create a folder, for example C:\DRIVERS\. Put there: a packet driver for Ethernet network card. 4. Set up network. For example, by means of Microsoft Network Client 3.0 [ How-to page ] 5. Start packet driver. In the case discussed it is: C:\DRIVERS\PCIPKT.COM 0x60 6. Unpack the archive with mTCP into a folder, C:\SOFT\MTCP for instance, and create a tcp.cfg file in it with the strings: PACKETINT 0x60 HOSTNAME FTP_IN_DOS The value of PACKETINT - the interrupt number used in the packet driver starting. The value of HOSTNAME - any. 7. Start DHCP.EXE (DHCP will set up mTCP for work with the network): DHCP 8. Start FTP: FTP [ FTP address / host ] There will be a prompt for a name, after that - the password. Next, it is better to switch to passive mode: XFERMODE PASSIVE [ The list of the main commands supported by FTP of mTCP is available in ftp.txt, included in mTCP suite archive ] To exit: QUIT mTCP - GNU GPL v3.

Windows console applications. File managers

 

FAR Manager : DOS Navigator : File Commander The concept and requirements to file manager had formed itself back in the DOS epoch. With the spread of operating systems with graphical user interface, other applications facilitating files handling emerged. But for many tasks and for many users orthodox file managers remain the most convenient option. There are file managers with graphical user interface here for a long time already, however console file managers still hold on not only their proper niche, but as well a part of the space belonging in theory to file managers with a GUI. Nowadays file managers can, all in all, the same and in general the same way, but text-based file managers are more responsive to user actions. Also, even if it is not topical enough now, console file managers require less system resources, than GUI file managers of comparable functionality. FAR Manager - / home page / Console file manager for Windows. Among the built-in functions: FTP, Windows network, extensible archive files support, print manager, text editor. Other plugins are available: SFTP/SCP, image viewer, hex editor, syntax highlighting and auto-completion for text editor, some others. FAR Manager 2.0: Console file manager FAR Manager 2.0: FTP, downloading files FAR Manager 2.0: A submenu FAR Manager 2.0: System settings FAR Manager 2.0: Text editor FAR Manager 2.0: MPlayer, playing .mp3 DOS Navigator - / open source project / Console file manager for Windows. A variation of the DOS file manager. There is also a version for OS/2. Archive files support, text editor with syntax highlighting, disk editor, spreadsheet, calculator, calendar, etc.