Kompx.com or Compmiscellanea.com

CSS. Target Firefox only

Windows : Firefox 1.5+ [ 1 ] [ 2 ].

Linux : Firefox 1.5+ [ 3 ].

CSS targeting Firefox web browser only:

This text is red in Firefox


<p>This text is red in Firefox</p>

CSS. Code:

@-moz-document url-prefix() {p {color: #f00;}}

Unlike the method of styling elements for Opera browser only, it is essentially a hack - since the rule originally is intended for a different purpose. But lack of support in browsers other than Firefox allows to isolate code for use by Firefox web browser only.

[ 1 ]

Other browsers with Gecko web browser engine, like SeaMonkey 1.0+ or older Netscape 9.0, also support the hack.

[ 2 ]

Various versions of Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Opera, Safari react to the hack as they are meant to - these browsers ignore the whole code of the Firefox specific hack.

[ 3 ]

There is also one more browser where text gets red - ELinks, an advanced text-based web browser with some support for CSS.

Aliosque subditos et thema

CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 2

Centering the content of a web page in the viewable area of a browser by means of CSS. A box to contain the whole content of the page is CSS centered horizontally and vertically: [ Open demo page ] HTML / XHTML. Code: <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 2</title> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css.css" /> </head> <body> <div class="spacer">&nbsp;</div> <div class="wrapper"> <div class="pagecontent">&nbsp;</div> </div> </body> </html> CSS. Code: html {height: 100%; margin: 0px;} body height: 100%; margin: 0px;} .spacer {position: relative; top: 0px; left: 0px; height: 50%; width: 100px; float: left; margin: 0px 0px -250px 0px; background: #999;} .wrapper {position: relative; top: 0px; left: 0px; height: 500px; width: 100%; clear: both; background: #a3ddc4;} .pagecontent {position: relative; top: 0px; left: 0px; height: 500px; width: 800px; margin: 0 auto; background: #ff6f6f;} The .pagecontent box is for the page content. It must be of a fixed height and width in units like px's or em's - not in percents. Height and width may be larger than web browser viewable area, but here the more practical case is discussed - when the height and width of .pagecontent are smaller than those of the web browser viewable area. The .pagecontent box is horizontally centered by its "margin: 0 auto". .Wrapper creates a space where .pagecontent is centered horizontally. .Wrapper's width is 100% for centering at various web browser viewable area sizes. The height has to be equal to the one of .pagecontent. .Spacer centers .wrapper with .pagecontent in it vertically inside browser viewable area. Its width may be any. The height is 50% - that places the top edge of .pagecontent vertically in the middle of the browser viewable area. The bottom margin of .spacer equal to half the .pagecontent height centers .pagecontent and its contents vertically in the web browser viewable area of a current height. This method is reliable in all major modern web browsers. It also works in older browsers like Internet Explorer 6 or earlier versions of Maxthon. But the height of box for page content has to be assigned explicitly and if it is changed - the size of .spacer bottom margin must be changed accordingly as well. There is another way of CSS horizontal and vertical centering, with CSS code easier to maintain, even if not suitable for older web browsers: CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 1. [ 1 ] As well as Netscape 7.2+, Mozilla 1.5+. [ 2 ] As well as Netscape 7.2+, Mozilla 1.5+.

Web browsers for DOS

Arachne : Dillo : DOSLYNX : Lynx : Links : ELinks Web browsers for DOS may be looked at as existing roughly in two categories. Web browsers which can be installed without excessive efforts + work stably within their capability. And the rest of the web browsers of functionality more or less limited or problematic. The major web browsers for DOS include applications with GUI and text-based browsers. The graphical web browsers for DOS are several versions of Arachne - GPL version, Arachne Labs version, Ray Andrews version - and Dillo. As well as DR-WebSpyder based on Arachne and WebSpyder's variation - Lineo Embrowser. Text-based web browsers for DOS are a little bit more numerous: DOSLYNX, lynx, links, elinks. The graphical web browsers for DOS even if being prominent among DOS web browsers for their capabilities are definitely inferior in comparison with major web browsers for Windows, Linux or Mac OS X due to the restrictions of the DOS nature, small user and developer base, some other reasons.