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ELinks

Operating systems : Windows, Linux

Features : Configuration : Use : Screenshots : Download links

ELinks is an effort to create an advanced text-based web browser. It started as a fork based on the code of Links browser. Aiming first to try and realize several features more or less weak / absent in Links. Hence "E" in "ELinks" - "Experimental" [Links]. The success of the effort made it to be understood as "Extended" or "Enhanced".

There was a crossroad at the point when Links browser achieved certain level of completeness, surpassing in some areas then the most advanced text mode web browser, Lynx: to move forward into displaying graphics and further beyond pure text or to enhance text-based web surfing experience beyond boundaries reached first by Lynx and then Links browsers - but still keeping it in text mode. The first course resulted into a Links version capable of displaying graphic content of web pages - Links2. The second one is ELinks web browser.

Lynx was and is a very mature software in its kind. Its authors conceived and realized a quite elaborate concept of web surfing in text mode with specific abstractions and conventions, which aided to overcome many restrictions and shortages of text-based surfing and created an experience, a world so definitely different from rapidly expanding graphical web. But with the time HTML and hardware moved forward, spread of scripting languages took place, the whole world of presenting, finding and consuming information advanced. New possibilities appeared.

Many of them were realized in Links web browser, but then next shift in information visual presentation in web documents - from more of HTML to more of CSS - made new roads open; even still keeping it to be in text mode. And that is where ELinks tries to come: colors in enabled consoles, some CSS positioning and even beginning of JavaScript / ECMAScript support. Technical part of networking (like SSL support) and various text encodings support were pretty strong in Links browser already, but ELinks enhanced some features and made others to be more worked out.

ELinks moved forward the concept of text mode web browser, making ELinks the most advanced example of it. Although Lynx still keeps positions pretty strongly. Its concept of text mode web surfing even if being simplifying, bringing different approach to information presentation and handling rather than trying to be resembling to graphical web browsers environment - works quite well. Web documents become more and more complicated in realization and (while having all the inevitable restrictions of text mode web browsing) to follow a different way of handling it is quite competitive to trying to be like mainstream, graphic full featured web browsers of desktop computers. It is like this dilemma for smaller screen mobile devices browsers: to try and imitate full sized display computers or to transform web document and make it corresponding to the characteristics of the environment. Text-based web browsers are used mostly on computers with more or less large displays, so there are less of dimensional restrictions and more temptations: Lynx - to stay restrained, ELinks - to extend it.

Features

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, other *nix systems, Windows, DOS, OS/2, BeOS and some others.

HTML ( tables and frames including ). Meagre support for CSS and JavaScript ( More ). Support for 16, 88 or 256 colors palette in capable terminal emulators / consoles.

Tabbed browsing, background download with queuing. Mouse support. Editing of text boxes / forms in web pages in external text editor. Shortcuts for URLs. Scripting in Perl, Lua, Guile, Ruby. Passing URI of a web page in ELinks or URI of a link in a web page in ELinks to external applications: from clipboard app (to copy URI and paste it some place else) to other web browser, etc. Control over how HTML of the surfed web pages is rendered: like display frames or not. Bookmarks. And More.

HTTP and Proxy authentication. Persistent HTTP cookies. SSL. http, https, ftp, fsp, IPv4, IPv6 and experimentally BitTorrent, gopher, nntp protocols.

Configuration

Go to "ELinks. Configuration" page. A description valid for Linux + some other *nix systems versions of ELinks and except a couple of things also for Windows ones.

Use

Go to "ELinks. Use" page. A description valid for Linux + some other *nix systems versions of ELinks and except a couple of things also for Windows ones.

Screenshots

ELinks for Linux in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux

ELinks 0.12pre2:

elinks.cz

Image : ELinks - Linux - 1

ELinks 0.12pre2:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : ELinks - Linux - 2

ELinks 0.12pre2:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ELinks

Image : ELinks - Linux - 3

ELinks 0.12pre2:

ebay.com

Image : ELinks - Linux - 4

ELinks 0.12pre2:

twitter.com

Image : ELinks - Linux - 6

ELinks for Windows in Win32 console

ELinks 0.11.6:

elinks.cz

Image : ELinks - Windows - 1

ELinks 0.11.6:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : ELinks - Windows - 2

ELinks 0.11.6:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ELinks

Image : ELinks - Windows - 3

ELinks 0.11.6:

ebay.com

Image : ELinks - Windows - 4

ELinks 0.11.6:

twitter.com

Image : ELinks - Windows - 6

Download links

ELinks for Linux: Look for an ELinks package in the repository of your Linux distribution, if it is not already installed during the distribution installation process.

ELinks for Windows: Download ELinks prepared for working under Windows without Cygwin. Unpack and run.

Or go to the source code download page on elinks.cz.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

HTML centering

 

Centering the whole content of a web page in the viewable area of a browser by pure HTML - no CSS. A box to keep the content of the page is HTML centered horizontally and vertically - [ Open demo page ] HTML. Code: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"> <html> <head> <title>HTML centering</title> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=Windows-1252"> </head> <body bgcolor="#ffffff"> <table width="100%" height="100%" bgcolor="#a3ddc4"> <tr> <td align="center"> <table width="800" height="500" bgcolor="#ff6f6f"> <tr> <td>&nbsp;</td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> </body> </html> The outer HTML table makes the whole web browser viewable area, except margins, a HTML table and the whole area of this HTML table - a HTML table cell. The cell of the outer HTML table inherits the default value for valign attribute from its parent table row. And this row in its turn inherits the default value for valign attribute from the outer HTML table tbody - even if tbody tag is not used. And that value is middle. So a block of content inside the cell of the outer HTML table is centered vertically in web browser viewable are. Align="center" of the outer HTML table cell makes a block of content inside it centered horizontally in web browser viewable are. The inner table, the one inside of the outer HTML table cell makes up a box of a given size. Or there may be no set height or no set width or both. Then the size of the box is to adjust to accommodate the content, whatever its dimensions are. If the width or height or both of the box results to be larger than web browser viewable area, then it still ends up to be centered. Since HTML centering is the oldest method to center content horizontally and vertically, it works well not just in older web browsers, but in ones that can be described as downright ancient. Like adding one more HTML tag ( <center></center> ) around the outer table makes it funcion as deep as Internet Explorer 3 : [ Open demo page ] Download Internet Explorer 3: a pack, containing 3.0, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0 versions of Internet Explorer HTML.

CSS vertical alignment

 

CSS vertical alignment of a block element containing text and images. It works for various combinations of inline and block elements. Example: CSS vertical alignment CSS vertical alignment HTML / XHTML. Code: <div class="parent"> <div class="child"> <div class="childcontent">CSS vertical alignment</div> <div class="childcontent"><img src="image.jpg" width="68" height="68" alt="Image" /></div> <div class="childcontent">CSS vertical alignment</div> </div> </div> CSS. Code: .parent {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: 200px; display: table;} .child {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; display: table-cell; vertical-align: middle;} .childcontent {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px;} Note: .parent and .childcontent may be floated left ("float: left;") or not, but .child must be without "float: left;" for this method of CSS vertical alignment to work. [ 1 ] As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 2 ] As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+.