Kompx.com or Compmiscellanea.com

Non-breaking space (   ) in :before and :after content

Windows : Internet Explorer 8.0+, Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome, Opera 6.0+, Safari 3.1+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 1 ].

Linux : Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome / Chromium, Opera 6.0+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 2 ], Hv3.

Non-breaking space (   ) in :before and :after pseudo-elements. Hex code ( \00a0 ) is used in the content property instead of the named character entity (   ). Example:

ABC

HTML / XHTML. Code:

<div>ABC</div>

CSS. Code:

div:before {content:"\00a0";}

div:after {content:"\00a0";}

/* Extra CSS to make non-breaking spaces more obvious here: */

div:before {height: 1em; width: 1em; display: inline-block; background: #f00;}

div:after {height: 1em; width: 1em; display: inline-block; background: #00f;}


[ 1 ]

As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+.

[ 2 ]

As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+.


Aliosque subditos et thema


ELinks


Features : Configuration : Use : Screenshots : Download links ELinks is an effort to create an advanced text-based web browser. It started as a fork based on the code of Links browser. Aiming first to try and realize several features more or less weak / absent in Links. Hence "E" in "ELinks" - "Experimental" [Links]. The success of the effort made it to be understood as "Extended" or "Enhanced". There was a crossroad at the point when Links browser achieved certain level of completeness, surpassing in some areas then the most advanced text mode web browser, Lynx: to move forward into displaying graphics and further beyond pure text or to enhance text-based web surfing experience beyond boundaries reached first by Lynx and then Links browsers - but still keeping it in text mode. The first course resulted into a Links version capable of displaying graphic content of web pages - Links2. The second one is ELinks web browser. Lynx was and is a very mature software in its kind. Its authors conceived and realized a quite elaborate concept of web surfing in text mode with specific abstractions and conventions, which aided to overcome many restrictions and shortages of text-based surfing and created an experience, a world so definitely different from rapidly expanding graphical web. But with the time HTML and hardware moved forward, spread of scripting languages took place, the whole world of presenting, finding and consuming information advanced. New possibilities appeared. Many of them were realized in Links web browser, but then next shift in information visual presentation in web documents - from more of HTML to more of CSS - made new roads open; even still keeping it to be in text mode. And that is where ELinks tries to come: colors in enabled consoles, some CSS positioning and even beginning of JavaScript / ECMAScript support. Technical part of networking (like SSL support) and various text encodings support were pretty strong in Links browser already, but ELinks enhanced some features and made others to be more worked out. ELinks moved forward the concept of text mode web browser, making ELinks the most advanced example of it. Although Lynx still keeps positions pretty strongly. Its concept of text mode web surfing even if being simplifying, bringing different approach to information presentation and handling rather than trying to be resembling to graphical web browsers environment - works quite well. Web documents become more and more complicated in realization and (while having all the inevitable restrictions of text mode web browsing) to follow a different way of handling it is quite competitive to trying to be like mainstream, graphic full featured web browsers of desktop computers. It is like this dilemma for smaller screen mobile devices browsers: to try and imitate full sized display computers or to transform web document and make it corresponding to the characteristics of the environment. Text-based web browsers are used mostly on computers with more or less large displays, so there are less of dimensional restrictions and more temptations: Lynx - to stay restrained, ELinks - to extend it. Features Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, other *nix systems, Windows, DOS, OS/2, BeOS and some others. HTML ( tables and frames including ). Meagre support for CSS and JavaScript ( More ). Support for 16, 88 or 256 colors palette in capable terminal emulators / consoles. Tabbed browsing, background download with queuing. Mouse support. Editing of text boxes / forms in web pages in external text editor. Shortcuts for URLs. Scripting in Perl, Lua, Guile, Ruby. Passing URI of a web page in ELinks or URI of a link in a web page in ELinks to external applications: from clipboard app (to copy URI and paste it some place else) to other web browser, etc. Control over how HTML of the surfed web pages is rendered: like display frames or not. Bookmarks. And More. HTTP and Proxy authentication. Persistent HTTP cookies. SSL. http, https, ftp, fsp, IPv4, IPv6 and experimentally BitTorrent, gopher, nntp protocols. Configuration Go to "ELinks.

Lynx browser. Creating sitemap.xml


There are more than few online services for sitemap.xml generation. But it is also possible to do it yourself, by means of lynx web browser and several Linux command line utilities. An example bash script employing them, named "sitemap.sh" is described below. Bash script creating a sitemap.xml file: #!/bin/bash cd /home/me/sitemap/www/ lynx -crawl -traversal -accept_all_cookies -connect_timeout=30 http://www.compmiscellanea.com/ > /dev/null cd /home/me/sitemap/www2/ lynx -crawl -traversal -accept_all_cookies -connect_timeout=30 http://compmiscellanea.com/ > /dev/null cat /home/me/sitemap/www2/traverse.dat >> /home/me/sitemap/www/traverse.dat cat /home/me/sitemap/www/traverse.dat | sed -e 's/\<www\>\.//g' | sort | uniq > /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i 's/\&/\&amp\;/g' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i "s/'/\&apos\;/g" /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i 's/"/\&quot\;/g' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i 's/>/\&gt\;/g' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i 's/</\&lt\;/g' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i 's/http:\/\//http:\/\/www\./g' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i -e 's/^/<url><loc>/' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i -e 's/$/<\/loc><\/url>/' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i -e '1 i <?xml version="1\.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>\r\r<urlset xmlns="http:\/\/www\.sitemaps\.org\/schemas\/sitemap\/0\.9" xmlns:xsi="http:\/\/www\.w3\.org\/2001\/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http:\/\/www\.sitemaps\.org\/schemas\/sitemap\/0\.9 http:\/\/www\.sitemaps\.org\/schemas\/sitemap\/0\.9\/sitemap\.xsd">\r\r<!-- created by sitemap.sh from http:\/\/www.compmiscellanea.com\/en\/lynx-browser-creating-sitemap.xml\.htm -->\r\r' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i -e '$ a \\r</urlset>' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i '/static/d' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml echo "...Done" After the bash script file is prepared: "chmod +x sitemap.sh" to make it executable. Download sitemap.sh in sitemap.sh.tar.gz archive ( After downloading and unpacking it, put a web site name with "www" instead of http://www.compmiscellanea.com/ and a web site name without "www" instead of http://compmiscellanea.com/ in the file. Replace "static" in the last line of the file by a string unnecessary links should possess to be removed. Then "chmod +x sitemap.sh". Then run sitemap.sh ). Commentary Download sitemap2.sh with line by line commentary in sitemap2.sh.tar.gz archive. Before running the bash script, three folders should be created. Since lynx browser may miss some links if a web site domain name to be crawled is put with or without "www", bash script runs lynx twice, crawling the web site by its name with "www" and crawling the web site by its name without "www". The two result files are put into two of these separate folders, here they are "/home/me/sitemap/www/" and "/home/me/sitemap/www2/". And "/home/me/sitemap/sitemap/" is for sitemap.xml created in the end. 1. Path to bash: #!/bin/bash 2. Going to a folder - lynx browser is going to put there the files obtained from crawling a web site with "www" in its name: cd /home/me/sitemap/www/ 3. Running lynx browser to crawl a web site.