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Non-breaking space (   ) in :before and :after content

Windows : Internet Explorer 8.0+, Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome, Opera 6.0+, Safari 3.1+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 1 ].

Linux : Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome / Chromium, Opera 6.0+, SeaMonkey 1.0+ [ 2 ], Hv3.

Non-breaking space (   ) in :before and :after pseudo-elements. Hex code ( \00a0 ) is used in the content property instead of the named character entity (   ). Example:

ABC

HTML / XHTML. Code:

<div>ABC</div>

CSS. Code:

div:before {content:"\00a0";}

div:after {content:"\00a0";}

/* Extra CSS to make non-breaking spaces more obvious here: */

div:before {height: 1em; width: 1em; display: inline-block; background: #f00;}

div:after {height: 1em; width: 1em; display: inline-block; background: #00f;}


[ 1 ]

As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+.

[ 2 ]

As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

CSS centering <hr />

 

CSS centering <hr />, if its width is less than 100%. Horizontal centering. Example: HTML / XHTML. Code: <hr /> CSS. Code: hr {width: 50%; margin: 0 25% 0 25%;} /* Extra CSS, just styling the look: */ hr {height: 1px; float: left; border: 0px; color: #f00; background: #f00;} Note: mostly it works both with float: left and float: none. But float: left makes it for sure. [ 1 ] As well as Netscape 4.04+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 2 ] As well as Netscape 4.04+, Mozilla 0.6+.

JavaScript form submit

 

Submitting a form using JavaScript. A dropdown list (form + select + multiple options) is processed without any submit button. Example: --- Select a page --- Linux Windows DOS HTML / XHTML. Code: <form action="action.php" method="post"> <select name="page" required="required" onchange="this.form.submit()"> <option value="" selected="selected" disabled="disabled"> --- Select a page --- </option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/linux-1.htm">Linux</option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/windows-1.htm">Windows</option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/dos-1.htm">DOS</option> </select> <noscript><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></noscript> </form> When an option has been chosen from the dropdown list, the form's state is changed. So the onchange event occurs and JavaScript code in onchange is executed: the process of the form submission in started by the script, not by clicking submit button which is absent. Some server-side script [ 3 ] is meant then to handle the form action. The script is supposed to get what the form sends and have it processed. A PHP script in action.php is used in the example: <?php if (isset($_POST["page"])) {     header("Location: $_POST[page]");     exit; } else {     echo "No options selected"; } $_POST is an array of variables passed to the current script via the HTTP POST method. So $_POST[page] contains the content of the value attribute in a select option. That is, a URL. It is passed from form to PHP script and the script redirects browser to the URL / page selected. HTML code of <noscript><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></noscript> is present in the form as a fallback in case JavaScript happens to be turned off. Then there is a submit button to appear and the form is usable anyway. [ 1 ] As well as Netscape 3.04+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 2 ] As well as Netscape 3.04+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 3 ] If a CMS is used, form action may be handled by some of its inbuilt means.