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Renaming files in DOS

Operating systems : MS-DOS 6.0+ [ 1 ]

Renaming files in DOS by REN command

REN FILE1.TXT FILE2.TXT

- Renames FILE1.TXT into FILE2.TXT

REN FILE1.TXT FILE2.HTM

- Renames FILE1.TXT into FILE2.HTM

REN *.TXT *.HTM

- Renames all files with .txt extension into files with .htm extension. Only extensions are changed, the file names proper are left as they were.

Since REN is the shorter form of RENAME command, RENAME may be used instead - as more self-explaining may be.

Renaming files in DOS by MOVE command

MOVE FILE1.TXT FILE2.TXT

- Renames FILE1.TXT into FILE2.TXT

MOVE FILE1.TXT FILE2.HTM

- Renames FILE1.TXT into FILE2.HTM

Both methods of file renaming work in Windows command prompt as well. But there is a certain distinction: MS-DOS, other typical / older DOS'es, command prompt of Windows prior to Windows 95 and Windows NT 3.51 use a short filename / 8.3 filename convention. So, for example, REN FILE1.HTM FILE1.HTML is not going to work, there will be "Duplicate file name or file name not found" message. And that is not the case with newer DOS'es or command prompt of newer Windows. It can be not the case in older DOS'es also - if relevant drivers are installed.


[ 1 ]

MS-DOS 6.0+ tested - but it also may happen to work well under other versions of MS-DOS or other DOS'es.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

JavaScript form submit

 

Submitting a form using JavaScript. A dropdown list (form + select + multiple options) is processed without any submit button. Example: --- Select a page --- Linux Windows DOS HTML / XHTML. Code: <form action="action.php" method="post"> <select name="page" required="required" onchange="this.form.submit()"> <option value="" selected="selected" disabled="disabled"> --- Select a page --- </option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/linux-1.htm">Linux</option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/windows-1.htm">Windows</option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/dos-1.htm">DOS</option> </select> <noscript><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></noscript> </form> When an option has been chosen from the dropdown list, the form's state is changed. So the onchange event occurs and JavaScript code in onchange is executed: the process of the form submission in started by the script, not by clicking submit button which is absent. Some server-side script [ 3 ] is meant then to handle the form action. The script is supposed to get what the form sends and have it processed. A PHP script in action.php is used in the example: <?php if (isset($_POST["page"])) {     header("Location: $_POST[page]");     exit; } else {     echo "No options selected"; } $_POST is an array of variables passed to the current script via the HTTP POST method. So $_POST[page] contains the content of the value attribute in a select option. That is, a URL. It is passed from form to PHP script and the script redirects browser to the URL / page selected. HTML code of <noscript><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></noscript> is present in the form as a fallback in case JavaScript happens to be turned off. Then there is a submit button to appear and the form is usable anyway. [ 1 ] As well as Netscape 3.04+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 2 ] As well as Netscape 3.04+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 3 ] If a CMS is used, form action may be handled by some of its inbuilt means.

Imapsync. IMAP migration

 

Migrating an IMAP account from one IMAP server to another [ 1 ] / Linux, command line: imapsync --host1 imap.this.com --user1 email@example.com --passfile1 /home/user/imap/passwordfile1 --ssl1 --host2 imap.another.com --user2 email@example.com --passfile2 /home/user/imap/passwordfile2 --ssl2 --skipsize --allowsizemismatch - There is a web site (example.com) and an email box (email@example.com) hosted at a web hosting company. The IMAP server: imap.this.com. The IMAP server supports SSL. - The example.com web site is to be transfered to another web hosting company. So is the email@example.com box with all its contents and keeping its folders structure. The IMAP server of another web hosting company: imap.another.com. The IMAP server supports SSL. 1. Set up an email box named email@example.com and a password to it on the server of the web hosting company the email@example.com mailbox is to be transfered to - from the previous web hosting company. 2. Create two text files in /home/user/imap/: passwordfile1 with the password for the mailbox on the first IMAP server and passwordfile2 with the password for the mailbox on the second IMAP server. 3. chmod 600 /home/user/imap/passwordfile1 4. chmod 600 /home/user/imap/passwordfile2 5. Install imapsync 6. Run imapsync Imapsync transfers a mailbox - keeping its folders structure - from imap.this.com to imap.another.com. SSL is used to enable encryption and passwords are saved to protected files (chmod 600). Migration between two email service boxes may happen to require to make use of more imapsync options [ 2 ]. Like transfering contents of one Gmail.com box to another demands to have "--port1" and "--port2" specified: imapsync --host1 imap.gmail.com --port1 993 --user1 email1@gmail.com --passfile1 /home/user/imap/passwordfile1 --ssl1 --host2 imap.gmail.com --port2 993 --user2 email2@gmail.com --passfile2 /home/user/imap/passwordfile2 --ssl2 --skipsize --allowsizemismatch [ 1 ] A simple and common case: contents of one email box are transfered to another, empty mailbox. But there can be more complicated ones like: Gmail to Google Apps Email Migration and Moving to Google Apps with imapsync. [ 2 ] For more command options: Migrate mail from one server to another with imapsync and imapsync(1) - Linux man page.