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Unzip multiple files. Linux

Operating systems : Linux

Unzip multiple zip files into one directory by Linux command line unzip. Contrary to possible expectations, "unzip *.zip" is not going to work, *.zip should be put into quotes:

unzip "*.zip"

There may be files with the same names in these archives. To avoid overwriting:

unzip -B "*.zip"

"Unzip -B" makes unzip to overwrite duplicates during extraction process, but saving a backup copy of each overwritten file. The names for these backup copy files are created by adding tilde ("~") at the end of the original names of the files. If a file extension is present, then "~" is added after it. If that is not enough, unique sequence number (up to 5 digits) is appended after the "~".

"Unzip -B" is not too practical. For example, since when the sequence number range for numbered backup files gets exhausted (99999, or 65535 for 16-bit systems), the backup file with the maximum sequence number is deleted and replaced by the new backup version without notice ( More on the subject ). The number of files in an archive may not be always known in advance or may be more than possible sequence number range, so "Unzip -B" is not a great choice. Renaming duplicate files by adding "~" at the end of their names, after the extension, is not too convenient either.

But another built-in option is even worse. If the "-B" modifier is not used, each time a file with same name as there already unpacked is being extracted, unzip asks "replace example.txt? [y]es, [n]o, [A]ll, [N]one, [r]ename:". And each time "r" must be hit, then a new name has to be input. So some bash or another script solving the problem should probably be prepared and used instead.

Aliosque subditos et thema


CSS centering image


CSS horizontal centering of an image. Example: HTML / XHTML. Code: <div class="example"> <img src="image.jpg" alt="Image" /> </div> CSS. Code: .example {position: relative; left: 0px; top: 0px; height: auto; width: 100%; float: left; padding: 10px; border: 1px #ccc solid; background: #fafafa;} .example img {display: block; margin: 0 auto;} CSS properties of a container (here it is example) may vary, image centering is achieved by styles applied to the image itself: .example img {display: block; margin: 0 auto;}. [ 1 ] As well as Opera 4.0+, if shorthand CSS is not used in styles. That is, if it is .example img {display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;}. [ 2 ] As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 3 ] As well as Netscape 6.01+, Mozilla 0.6+.

JavaScript form submit


Submitting a form using JavaScript. A dropdown list (form + select + multiple options) is processed without any submit button. Example: --- Select a page --- Linux Windows DOS HTML / XHTML. Code: <form action="action.php" method="post"> <select name="page" required="required" onchange="this.form.submit()"> <option value="" selected="selected" disabled="disabled"> --- Select a page --- </option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/linux-1.htm">Linux</option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/windows-1.htm">Windows</option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/dos-1.htm">DOS</option> </select> <noscript><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></noscript> </form> When an option has been chosen from the dropdown list, the form's state is changed. So the onchange event occurs and JavaScript code in onchange is executed: the process of the form submission in started by the script, not by clicking submit button which is absent. Some server-side script [ 3 ] is meant then to handle the form action. The script is supposed to get what the form sends and have it processed. A PHP script in action.php is used in the example: <?php if (isset($_POST["page"])) {     header("Location: $_POST[page]");     exit; } else {     echo "No options selected"; } $_POST is an array of variables passed to the current script via the HTTP POST method. So $_POST[page] contains the content of the value attribute in a select option. That is, a URL. It is passed from form to PHP script and the script redirects browser to the URL / page selected. HTML code of <noscript><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></noscript> is present in the form as a fallback in case JavaScript happens to be turned off. Then there is a submit button to appear and the form is usable anyway. [ 1 ] As well as Netscape 3.04+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 2 ] As well as Netscape 3.04+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 3 ] If a CMS is used, form action may be handled by some of its inbuilt means.