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ELinks. Use

Operating systems : Windows, Linux

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ELinks - Text-based or console web browser. Description: features, screenshots, download links.

ELinks. Configuration - How to configure ELinks.


Once started, ELinks allows a user to do almost all it is capable of by means of its menu. So it is only how to start ELinks and how to do several other things as an example that is explained here.

1 ) Starting ELinks - ELinks may be run under a GUI environment (X Windows, MS Windows, etc) or some command-line interface. In the first case a terminal emulator / console must be opened before ELinks is to be started: xterm, rxvt, Win32 console and others:

ELinks ( Linux )

- To start ELinks, enter command:

elinks

- To start ELinks opening a web document from Internet:

elinks Web address of a web document

- To start ELinks accessing hard disk to browse local folders:

elinks file:///

or:

elinks /

- To start ELinks opening a local folder:

elinks file:///home/user1/

or:

elinks /home/user1/

- To start ELinks opening a local file:

elinks file:///home/user1/document1.htm

or:

elinks /home/user1/document1.htm

ELinks ( Windows )

- To start ELinks, enter command:

elinks

- To start ELinks opening a web document from Internet:

elinks Web address of a web document

- To start ELinks accessing hard disk to browse local folders:

elinks file:///

- To start ELinks opening a local folder:

elinks file://c/home/user1/

- To start ELinks opening a local file:

elinks file://c/home/user1/document1.htm

2 ) To access the menu of ELinks:

Press Esc on keyboard

3 ) Opening a web document in ELinks already running:

Press g on keyboard or Esc --> File --> Go to URL --> [ Enter a web address ] --> Enter

4 ) Going back:

Left arrow of Arrow keys on keyboard or Esc --> File --> Go back

5 ) Opening a link in a new tab in background:

Shift - t or Esc --> Link --> Open in new tab in background

6 ) Going to the next tab:

Shift - > or Esc --> View --> Next tab

7 ) Closing a tab:

Press c on keyboard or Esc --> View --> Close tab

8 ) Passing a URI to an external application when running ELinks in a terminal emulator. There are many applications it is possible to pass a URI to, here it is about passing a URI to clipboard. Setting up this option is explained here:

To pass the URI of the web page ELinks is displaying at the moment to clipboard:

Alt - p

To pass the URI of a highlighted link in a page to clipboard:

Alt - l

9 ) Editing textarea of forms in an external editor. If ELinks is compiled with external editor support, one or another text editor present in the operating system may be used to handle text in textarea of forms, both in GUI and command-line environment. Setting up this option is explained here. To edit text in textarea of a form:

Move cursor to textarea of the form, press Enter on keyboard to start editing. Ctrl - t to open the external editor set during the configuration process. Enter / edit text in the editor opened. Then:

If it is a GUI editor:

Hit Save in its menu or use a keyboard shortcut, like Ctrl - S to save the text prepared. Close the editor's window - the text entered / edited and saved in the external editor gets to the textarea of the form, ready to be sent.

If it is a text-mode editor, vi or vim for instance:

Esc to exit insert mode, then : [colon] to start entering a command, wq, then Enter to save and quit. The text entered / edited and saved in the external editor gets to the textarea of the form, ready to be sent. If it is not vi or vim, the procedure is still the same, just use the corresponding commands of the editor.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

CSS centering

 

1 ) CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 1 Centering a container with the whole content of a web page inside in the viewable area of a web browser by means of CSS. A box to contain the whole content of the page is CSS centered horizontally and vertically. More for modern web browsers : [ More ] : [ Open demo page ] 2 ) CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 2 Centering a container with the whole content of a web page inside in the viewable area of a web browser by means of CSS. A box to contain the whole content of the page is CSS centered horizontally and vertically. More conservative, than the previous method. Suitable not only for modern web browsers, but for older ones as well - like Internet Explorer 6 or earlier Maxthon. A shortcoming - it takes more efforts to maintain the CSS code compared to [ CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 1 ] method : [ More ] : [ Open demo page ] 3 ) CSS centering floated elements Floated elements of unknown width are CSS centered horizontally : [ More ] : [ Open demo page ] 4 ) CSS centering absolutely positioned elements CSS horizontal centering of an absolutely positioned element : [ More ] 5 ) CSS centering image CSS horizontal centering of an image : [ More ] 6 ) CSS vertical alignment CSS vertical alignment of a block element containing text and images. The method works for various combinations of inline and block elements : [ More ] 7 ) JavaScript + CSS centering Centering content of a web page by means of JavaScript and CSS. A block containing the content of a page is JavaScript + CSS centered horizontally and vertically : [ More ] : Two cases : 1. A block is centered, if screen resolution is equal to or greater than 1024x768 : [ Open demo page ] 2. A block is centered, if screen resolution is equal to or greater than 1024x768 + mouse cursor is moved over a link in an element of the page content : [ Open demo page ]

HTML centering

 

Centering the whole content of a web page in the viewable area of a browser by pure HTML - no CSS. A box to keep the content of the page is HTML centered horizontally and vertically - [ Open demo page ] HTML. Code: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"> <html> <head> <title>HTML centering</title> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=Windows-1252"> </head> <body bgcolor="#ffffff"> <table width="100%" height="100%" bgcolor="#a3ddc4"> <tr> <td align="center"> <table width="800" height="500" bgcolor="#ff6f6f"> <tr> <td>&nbsp;</td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> </body> </html> The outer HTML table makes the whole web browser viewable area, except margins, a HTML table and the whole area of this HTML table - a HTML table cell. The cell of the outer HTML table inherits the default value for valign attribute from its parent table row. And this row in its turn inherits the default value for valign attribute from the outer HTML table tbody - even if tbody tag is not used. And that value is middle. So a block of content inside the cell of the outer HTML table is centered vertically in web browser viewable are. Align="center" of the outer HTML table cell makes a block of content inside it centered horizontally in web browser viewable are. The inner table, the one inside of the outer HTML table cell makes up a box of a given size. Or there may be no set height or no set width or both. Then the size of the box is to adjust to accommodate the content, whatever its dimensions are. If the width or height or both of the box results to be larger than web browser viewable area, then it still ends up to be centered. Since HTML centering is the oldest method to center content horizontally and vertically, it works well not just in older web browsers, but in ones that can be described as downright ancient. Like adding one more HTML tag ( <center></center> ) around the outer table makes it funcion as deep as Internet Explorer 3 : [ Open demo page ] Download Internet Explorer 3: a pack, containing 3.0, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0 versions of Internet Explorer HTML.