Kompx.com or Compmiscellanea.com

Text-based web browsers for Linux

Operating systems : Linux

Lynx : Links : ELinks : W3m : Netrik : Retawq : Line mode browser

When general public Linux distributions came around, web browsing was quite young, but with some way behind it. There were several web browsers already, many of them ported gradually to Linux. Some text-based web browsers were in the first wave. After a while Linux became the main habitat of text-based browsers, where most of them are developed and used. Even if these text-based web browsers are mostly intended not just for Linux, but for various other *nix systems as well. And there are also their ports to plenty of other operating systems for most various platforms.

Lynx - / home page /

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, DOS, Windows, BeOS, MINIX, QNX, AmigaOS, OpenVMS and classic Mac OS.

HTML ( More 1 ) ( More 2 )

Lynx 2.8.7rel.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

lynx.isc.org

Image : Lynx - 1

Lynx 2.8.7rel.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : Lynx - 2

Lynx 2.8.7rel.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynx_(web_browser)

Image : Lynx - 3

Lynx 2.8.7rel.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

ebay.com

Image : Lynx - 4

Lynx 2.8.7rel.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

kompx.com/en/elinks.htm

Image : Lynx - 5

Lynx 2.8.7rel.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

twitter.com

Image : Lynx - 6

Links - / home page 1 : home page 2 /

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, BeOS, Haiku, OS/2, DOS, Windows. The browser may be compiled with support for displaying graphics, fonts of various sizes with anti-aliasing, working in Linux and other *nix systems both under X (or other windowing system) and using SVGALib or framebuffer of system's graphic card ( Go to ).

HTML ( tables and frames including )

Links 2.7 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

links.twibright.com

Image : Links 1

Links 2.7 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : Links - 2

Links 2.7 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Links_(web_browser)

Image : Links - 3

Links 2.7 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

ebay.com

Image : Links - 4

Links 2.7 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

kompx.com/en/elinks.htm

Image : Links - 5

Links 2.7 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

twitter.com

Image : Links - 6

ELinks - / home page /

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, some other *nix systems, Windows, DOS.

HTML ( tables and frames including ). Meagre support for CSS and JavaScript ( More ). Support for 16, 88 or 256 colors palette. Support for tabbed browsing, background download with queueing. Experimental support for BitTorrent protocol.

ELinks 0.12pre2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

elinks.cz

Image : ELinks - 1

ELinks 0.12pre2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : ELinks - 2

ELinks 0.12pre2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ELinks

Image : ELinks - 3

ELinks 0.12pre2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

ebay.com

Image : ELinks - 4

ELinks 0.12pre2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

kompx.com/en/elinks.htm

Image : ELinks - 5

ELinks 0.12pre2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

twitter.com

Image : ELinks - 6

W3m - / home page /

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, some other *nix systems, OS/2, Windows (using Cygwin).

HTML ( tables and frames including ), SSL, colors and inline images on capable terminal emulators / consoles. W3m is able to run some CGI scripts without any HTTP server, acting as a HTTP server itself. W3m is used in the Emacs text editor for web pages rendering with an Emacs interface to it, emacs-w3m - for web surfing without leaving the editor.

W3m 0.5.2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

w3m.sourceforge.net

Image : W3m - 1

W3m 0.5.2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : W3m - 2

W3m 0.5.2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W3m

Image : W3m - 3

W3m 0.5.2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

ebay.com

Image : W3m - 4

W3m 0.5.2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

kompx.com/en/elinks.htm

Image : W3m - 5

W3m 0.5.2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

twitter.com

Image : W3m - 6

Netrik - / home page /

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux and some other *nix systems.

HTML.

Netrik 1.16.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

netrik.sourceforge.net

Image : Netrik - 1

Netrik 1.16.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : Netrik - 2

Netrik 1.16.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

freecode.com/projects/netrik

Image : Netrik - 3

Netrik 1.16.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

ebay.com

Image : Netrik - 4

Netrik 1.16.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

kompx.com/en/elinks.htm

Image : Netrik - 5

Netrik 1.16.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

twitter.com

Image : Netrik - 6

Retawq - / home page /

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux and some other *nix systems. The Linux versions include a retawq for DSLinux, a Linux distribution for Nintendo DS handheld game console.

HTML. Network protocols: HTTP 1.1 and 1.0, HTTPS, FTP, FTPS, NNTP, Finger ( More ).

Retawq 0.2.6c in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

retawq.sourceforge.net

Image : Retawq - 1

Retawq 0.2.6c in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : Retawq - 2

Retawq 0.2.6c in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

freecode.com/projects/retawq

Image : Retawq - 3

Retawq 0.2.6c in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

ebay.com

Image : Retawq - 4

Retawq 0.2.6c in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

kompx.com/en/elinks.htm

Image : Retawq - 5

Retawq 0.2.6c in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

twitter.com

Image : Retawq - 6

Line Mode Browser - / home page /

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, some other *nix systems, Mac OS X, Windows, DOS. And outside PC world for VMS, VM/CMS, MVS, Ultrix (DECStation and VAX), etc.

Line Mode Browser is the second web browser ever created. It was initially one of the most popular web browsers, later replaced by Mosaic and in its proper niche, text-only web browsing, by Lynx. So that Line Mode Browser ended up to be a test or example application for the libwww library and distributed as a part of the libwww package. The development of Line Mode Browser is still active.

HTML. Network protocols: HTTP, Gopher, FTP, NNTP, WAIS. Capability to follow links directly to telnet and rlogin sites. Cyrillic support.

Line Mode Browser 5.4.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

w3.org/LineMode

Image : Line Mode Browser - 1

Line Mode Browser 5.4.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : Line Mode Browser - 2

Line Mode Browser 5.4.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line-mode_browser

Image : Line Mode Browser - 3

Line Mode Browser 5.4.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

ebay.com

Image : Line Mode Browser - 4

Line Mode Browser 5.4.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

kompx.com/en/elinks.htm

Image : Line Mode Browser - 5

Line Mode Browser 5.4.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:

twitter.com

Image : Line Mode Browser - 6

There is also Debris text-based browser, but it is not always possible to compile and install it on modern Linux distributions. And Emacs/W3, a text-based web browser for the GNU Emacs text editor, written in GNU Emacs Lisp programming language - its development seems to be discontinued since November 14, 1999; W3m / emacs-w3m is used instead.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

Internet Explorer 3

 

Features : Screenshots : Download links World Wide Web service with its online experience like hypertext links, surfing, web pages as a combination of text and images / multimedia brought Internet to general public. As to general public, it all very much revolves around the web browser. The first web browser ever, WorldWideWeb (later renamed Nexus) had many of the features later to be considered as standard for web browsers, but it was an experiment, accessible and known to very few. The rest of users might expect more likely only a text-mode interface experience through a text-based web browsers like Line Mode Browser. The turning point for the World Wide Web and all Internet was the advent of Mosaic, a graphical web browser, in 1993. First for Unix and then for Apple Macintosh and Microsoft Windows. Mosaic was not the first web browser for Windows though and it could not supersede Cello, the first and initially the only web browser for Windows. Microsoft Windows was the fastest growing major platform for PC in the first half of 1990s. But Microsoft did not seem to recognize the importance of the web browser then. So the main competition under Windows at that time was among several versions of Mosaic and Cello. This competition gave birth to Netscape web browser, which became the dominant software of its kind for several years. This success and great public attention attracted by World Wide Web by 1995 made Microsoft to join in the efforts. Internet Explorer 1 was just a first experiment. Internet Explorer 2 was intended to push the Internet Explorer case - it was made available to all Windows users for free, even commercial companies. But Netscape positions were not much undermined, Internet Explorer 2 being distinctly weaker in many features is among the reasons for that. Only after the release of Internet Explorer 3.0 Microsoft browsers began to close Netscape in qualities. Internet Explorer 3 was not the first Microsoft attempt to find technical and marketing model like were Internet Explorers of 1 and 2. And it was not the first Microsoft modern web browser, the first for Microsoft to beat and surpass Netscape and all other web browser competitors like Internet Explorer 4 was. But Internet Explorer 3 still was the first in some things: the first commercial browser with Cascading Style Sheets / CSS support, the first Microsoft web browser without Spyglass source code and the first Microsoft web browser to gain a significant user share, 20-39% by the end of 1997 [ 1 ]. Still, Internet Explorer 3 was a transitional, intermediate piece of software between the early browsers and the modern ones. As to its modern state, there is an interesting detail: Internet Explorer 3 can run under 32-bit Windows 7, unlike generally the 4.0-6.0 Explorers. Features HTML (with tables and frames) support is quite strong ( More ), Internet Explorer 3 lets some HTML tricks to be used without extra strain, like "HTML table borders without CSS". CSS support in Internet Explorer 3 is weak ( More 1 ) ( More 2 ). Internet Explorer 3 also supports VBScript, ActiveX (more than 1,000 Controls), Java applets, inline multimedia, VRML and a Microsoft's reverse-engineered version of JavaScript named JScript. All of the versions and capabilities corresponding to the level of the times. Internet Explorer 3 was released for several platforms: x86(16/32 bit), 68k, PPC, MIPS, Alpha AXP. And several operating systems: Windows 3.1, Windows 95, Windows NT, System 7 / Mac OS 7, Mac OS 8.

JavaScript rollover. Image swap

 

Example n.1 ( For modern web browsers: Internet Explorer 4.0+, Firefox 1.0+, Google Chrome, Opera 4.0+, Safari 3.1+, SeaMonkey 1.0+, [ 3 ] ): HTML / XHTML. Code: <a href="javascript-rollover-image-swap.htm" onmouseover="image_over();" onmouseout="image_out();"><img src="out.gif" class="image" id="imageout" width="728" height="67" alt="JavaScript rollover. Image swap" /></a> CSS. Code: .image {border: 0px;} JavaScript. Code: imageout=new Image(); imageout.src="out.gif"; imageover=new Image(); imageover.src="over.gif"; function image_out(){ document.images['imageout'].src='out.gif'; }; function image_over(){ document.images['imageout'].src='over.gif'; }; Swap image 1 ( out.gif ): Swap image 2 ( over.gif ): Example n.2 ( For older web browsers: Internet Explorer 4.0+, Netscape 3.04+, Opera 3.21+ ): HTML / XHTML. Code: <a href="javascript-rollover-image-swap.htm" onmouseover="image_over();" onmouseout="image_out();"><img src="out.gif" class="image" id="imageout" name="imageout" width="728" height="67" border="0" alt="JavaScript rollover. Image swap"></a> JavaScript.