Text-based web browsers for Linux
Operating systems : Linux
When general public Linux distributions came around, web browsing was quite young, but with some way behind it. There were several web browsers already, many of them ported gradually to Linux. Some text-based web browsers were in the first wave. After a while Linux became the main habitat of text-based browsers, where most of them are developed and used. Even if these text-based web browsers are mostly intended not just for Linux, but for various other *nix systems as well. And there are also their ports to plenty of other operating systems for most various platforms.
Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, DOS, Windows, BeOS, MINIX, QNX, AmigaOS, OpenVMS and classic Mac OS.
Lynx 2.8.7rel.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:
Links - / home page 1 : home page 2 /
Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, BeOS, Haiku, OS/2, DOS, Windows. The browser may be compiled with support for displaying graphics, fonts of various sizes with anti-aliasing, working in Linux and other *nix systems both under X (or other windowing system) and using SVGALib or framebuffer of system's graphic card ( Go to ).
HTML ( tables and frames including )
Links 2.7 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:
Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, some other *nix systems, Windows, DOS.
ELinks 0.12pre2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:
Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, some other *nix systems, OS/2, Windows (using Cygwin).
HTML ( tables and frames including ), SSL, colors and inline images on capable terminal emulators / consoles. W3m is able to run some CGI scripts without any HTTP server, acting as a HTTP server itself. W3m is used in the Emacs text editor for web pages rendering with an Emacs interface to it, emacs-w3m - for web surfing without leaving the editor.
W3m 0.5.2 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:
Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux and some other *nix systems.
Netrik 1.16.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:
Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux and some other *nix systems. The Linux versions include a retawq for DSLinux, a Linux distribution for Nintendo DS handheld game console.
HTML. Network protocols: HTTP 1.1 and 1.0, HTTPS, FTP, FTPS, NNTP, Finger ( More ).
Retawq 0.2.6c in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:
Line Mode Browser - / home page /
Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, some other *nix systems, Mac OS X, Windows, DOS. And outside PC world for VMS, VM/CMS, MVS, Ultrix (DECStation and VAX), etc.
Line Mode Browser is the second web browser ever created. It was initially one of the most popular web browsers, later replaced by Mosaic and in its proper niche, text-only web browsing, by Lynx. So that Line Mode Browser ended up to be a test or example application for the libwww library and distributed as a part of the libwww package. The development of Line Mode Browser is still active.
HTML. Network protocols: HTTP, Gopher, FTP, NNTP, WAIS. Capability to follow links directly to telnet and rlogin sites. Cyrillic support.
Line Mode Browser 5.4.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:
Line Mode Browser 5.4.1 in GNOME Terminal 2.32.1 on Zenwalk Linux:
There is also Debris text-based browser, but it is not always possible to compile and install it on modern Linux distributions. And Emacs/W3, a text-based web browser for the GNU Emacs text editor, written in GNU Emacs Lisp programming language - its development seems to be discontinued since November 14, 1999; W3m / emacs-w3m is used instead.
Aliosque subditos et thema
Extracting tar.gz files in Linux, command line: tar zxvf file.tar.gz - z : filter the archive through gzip [ 1 ] - x : extract files from an archive - v : list the files processed - f : use archive file The command extracts the contents of a compressed archive to the current directory. Tar creates an archive of one or several files. Then gzip is used to compress it. Or both processes are made at once by tar only, with corresponding options employed. The duality of nature - archived and compressed after - is reflected in the extension of the file ("tar.gz") and requires two procedures to be performed while extracting: decompressing and unpacking. Hence both z (decompress it) and x (unpack it) in the command. [ 1 ] Sources for the option letters description: tar(1) - Linux man page and LinuxCommand.org
MPlayer : FFmpeg Media players appeared long ago, but their heyday began with the mass spread of personal computers powerful enough to play video files. This coincided with the mass spread of operating systems and other software with graphical user interface. However, a program with a graphical user interface is dualistic in its nature: there is a code responsible for graphical user interface, for the appearance and there is a code - for performing the task the given application has been created for in the first place. Both code complexes consume system resources, their response time to user actions makes up certain amount of waiting time. And in cases or concepts when appearance is taken as less important - less important to the point of sparing or almost sparing to employ it - console applications, among others, appear. Moreover, the segmentation of the GUI and of the engine makes it easier to change the graphical user interface or perform complex automated operations. The scheme is implemented for media players for Windows as well. MPlayer, for instance, in its usual form is a console application, starting up quickly, having fast response to user actions, consuming system resources almost entirely for its immediate task. And on this basis if desired, one or another graphical interface may be added for creating, all in all, a new application. MPlayer - / home page / Console media player for Windows. Basis for SMPlayer and UMPlayer. There are versions for Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, Apple Darwin, Mac OS X, QNX, OpenSolaris/Solaris, Irix, HP-UX, AIX, some other *nix system, BeOS, Syllable, AmigaOS, AROS, MorphOS, DOS, Windows. Supported video, audio formats, static images, subtitles, etc. ( List and More extensive list of video and audio codecs ). MPlayer: "Dead Man" MPlayer: "Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow" MPlayer: "10,000 BC" MPlayer: "13 Tzameti" MPlayer: "The Draughtsman's Contract" MPlayer: "Balzaminov's Marriage" FFmpeg - / home page / Pack of utilities and libraries for work with video and audio files. Created in and for Linux, but there is a Windows variant. Source code may be compiled for some other operating systems. Supported file formats and codecs: ( List ). Also, VLC media player can be run in text mode, ncurses using.