Internet Explorer 3
Operating systems : Windows
World Wide Web service with its online experience like hypertext links, surfing, web pages as a combination of text and images / multimedia brought Internet to general public. As to general public, it all very much revolves around the web browser. The first web browser ever, WorldWideWeb (later renamed Nexus) had many of the features later to be considered as standard for web browsers, but it was an experiment, accessible and known to very few. The rest of users might expect more likely only a text-mode interface experience through a text-based web browsers like Line Mode Browser.
The turning point for the World Wide Web and all Internet was the advent of Mosaic, a graphical web browser, in 1993. First for Unix and then for Apple Macintosh and Microsoft Windows. Mosaic was not the first web browser for Windows though and it could not supersede Cello, the first and initially the only web browser for Windows.
Microsoft Windows was the fastest growing major platform for PC in the first half of 1990s. But Microsoft did not seem to recognize the importance of the web browser then. So the main competition under Windows at that time was among several versions of Mosaic and Cello. This competition gave birth to Netscape web browser, which became the dominant software of its kind for several years. This success and great public attention attracted by World Wide Web by 1995 made Microsoft to join in the efforts.
Internet Explorer 1 was just a first experiment. Internet Explorer 2 was intended to push the Internet Explorer case - it was made available to all Windows users for free, even commercial companies. But Netscape positions were not much undermined, Internet Explorer 2 being distinctly weaker in many features is among the reasons for that. Only after the release of Internet Explorer 3.0 Microsoft browsers began to close Netscape in qualities.
Internet Explorer 3 was not the first Microsoft attempt to find technical and marketing model like were Internet Explorers of 1 and 2. And it was not the first Microsoft modern web browser, the first for Microsoft to beat and surpass Netscape and all other web browser competitors like Internet Explorer 4 was. But Internet Explorer 3 still was the first in some things: the first commercial browser with Cascading Style Sheets / CSS support, the first Microsoft web browser without Spyglass source code and the first Microsoft web browser to gain a significant user share, 20-39% by the end of 1997 [ 1 ]. Still, Internet Explorer 3 was a transitional, intermediate piece of software between the early browsers and the modern ones. As to its modern state, there is an interesting detail: Internet Explorer 3 can run under 32-bit Windows 7, unlike generally the 4.0-6.0 Explorers.
Internet Explorer 3 was released for several platforms: x86(16/32 bit), 68k, PPC, MIPS, Alpha AXP. And several operating systems: Windows 3.1, Windows 95, Windows NT, System 7 / Mac OS 7, Mac OS 8. There was an effort to create an Internet Explorer 3 version for Sun Solaris, but it was slow and eventually dropped in favour of Internet Explorer 4.0 for Solaris.
Internet Explorer 3 had several accompanying, more or less integrated applications. Internet Mail and News an e-mail and news client, later replaced / renamed in IE4 as Outlook Express 4.0. Windows Address Book - single list of contacts that can be shared by multiple programs. Microsoft Comic Chat, a text chatting program that used cartoon avatars to display text and emotion. RealPlayer, a media players capable of streaming media over the Internet. Later Microsoft NetMeeting, a VoIP and multi-point videoconferencing client and Windows Media Player. And probably most important of all - Microsoft Java Virtual Machine, enabling support for Java applets in Internet Explorer 3.
Internet Explorer 3.01:
Keeping and running multiple versions of Internet Explorer on the same machine is not provided for by Microsoft. Although there had been a solution found to it, by a web developer Joe Maddalone ( More ). Since then there exist several packages with standalone IEs, ordinarily including multiple versions of Internet Explorers to download free of charge.
Download Internet Explorer 3: a pack, containing 3.0, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0 versions of Internet Explorer
Download Internet Explorer 3 - go to a page with links to download a pack, containing 1.0, 2.01, 3.0, 3.01, 3.03, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0, 7.0 and 8.0 versions of Internet Explorer
Running Internet Explorer of 4.0 - 6.0 versions may be a problem under even 32-bit Windows 7. So for the best experience 32-bit Windows XP SP3 is required.
Aliosque subditos et thema
Extracting tar.bz2 files in Linux, command line: tar jxvf file.tar.bz2 - j : filter the archive through bzip2 [ 1 ] - x : extract files from an archive - v : list the files processed - f : use archive file The command extracts the contents of a bzip2 compressed archive to the current directory. Tar creates an archive of one or several files. Then bzip2 is used to compress it. Or both processes are made at once by tar only, with corresponding options employed. The duality of nature - archived and then compressed - is reflected in the extension of the file ("tar.bz2") and requires two procedures to be performed while extracting: decompressing and unpacking. Hence both j (decompress it) and x (unpack it) in the command. [ 1 ] Sources for the option letters description: tar(1) - Linux man page and LinuxCommand.org
FTE : JED : MinEd : Nano : MS-DOS Editor Initially, all text editors did not have a graphical interface. And work with text almost from the outset was one of the main types of user activity on computer. With the invention and spread of low-level and especially high-level programming languages, text editor has become an important working tool of professionals. Then, other users had to use text editors for their daily tasks. So by the time the programs with GUI started to be wide spread, the concept of text editor was already well developed, there were mature, well-designed and implemented specimens of applications for text editing without graphical user interface. Why the text-based versions coexisted with GUI-based ones for very long and still graphical user interface programs have not replaced the console / text-based applications. While the average user is not aware of their existence, he / she does not know the power of vim or emacs, often even MS-DOS Editor, built in all the 32-bit versions of Windows is unknown, none the less, console text editors continue to exist and be developed. As it is the case with the text web browsers, the main line of text-based text editors development is in Linux and other *nix systems world. But under Windows as well, there are several interesting applications. FTE - / home page / Console text editor. Version for Linux, some other *nix systems, DOS, Windows, OS/2. Syntax highlighting support for: C, C++, Java, Perl, Sh, Pascal, SQL, Assembly, PHP, Python, REXX, Ada, Fortran, IDL, LinuxDoc, TeX, TeXInfo, HTML, etc. ASCII table. Various facilities for coding and errors handling. Copying words, characters or text blocks is in the same mode and by the same keyboard shortcuts (except Ctrl+A) as in major Windows text editors with graphical user interface - plus, there may be other variations. FTE 0.49.13: Open file FTE 0.49.13: A submenu FTE 0.49.13: Settings FTE 0.49.13: Opened .php file FTE 0.49.13: Opened .htm file FTE 0.49.13: Opened C code JED - / home page / Console text editor. Version for Linux, some other *nix systems, QNX, OS/2, BeOS, OpenVMS, DOS, Windows. Syntax highlighting support for: C, C++, FORTRAN, TeX, HTML, SH, python, IDL, DCL, NROFF, etc. JED can emulate Emacs, EDT, Wordstar, Borland, Brief. C-like S-Lang language for extra settings possibilities and extensions.