Kompx.com or Compmiscellanea.com

Internet Explorer 3

Operating systems : Windows

Features : Screenshots : Download links

World Wide Web service with its online experience like hypertext links, surfing, web pages as a combination of text and images / multimedia brought Internet to general public. As to general public, it all very much revolves around the web browser. The first web browser ever, WorldWideWeb (later renamed Nexus) had many of the features later to be considered as standard for web browsers, but it was an experiment, accessible and known to very few. The rest of users might expect more likely only a text-mode interface experience through a text-based web browsers like Line Mode Browser.

The turning point for the World Wide Web and all Internet was the advent of Mosaic, a graphical web browser, in 1993. First for Unix and then for Apple Macintosh and Microsoft Windows. Mosaic was not the first web browser for Windows though and it could not supersede Cello, the first and initially the only web browser for Windows.

Microsoft Windows was the fastest growing major platform for PC in the first half of 1990s. But Microsoft did not seem to recognize the importance of the web browser then. So the main competition under Windows at that time was among several versions of Mosaic and Cello. This competition gave birth to Netscape web browser, which became the dominant software of its kind for several years. This success and great public attention attracted by World Wide Web by 1995 made Microsoft to join in the efforts.

Internet Explorer 1 was just a first experiment. Internet Explorer 2 was intended to push the Internet Explorer case - it was made available to all Windows users for free, even commercial companies. But Netscape positions were not much undermined, Internet Explorer 2 being distinctly weaker in many features is among the reasons for that. Only after the release of Internet Explorer 3.0 Microsoft browsers began to close Netscape in qualities.

Internet Explorer 3 was not the first Microsoft attempt to find technical and marketing model like were Internet Explorers of 1 and 2. And it was not the first Microsoft modern web browser, the first for Microsoft to beat and surpass Netscape and all other web browser competitors like Internet Explorer 4 was. But Internet Explorer 3 still was the first in some things: the first commercial browser with Cascading Style Sheets / CSS support, the first Microsoft web browser without Spyglass source code and the first Microsoft web browser to gain a significant user share, 20-39% by the end of 1997 [ 1 ]. Still, Internet Explorer 3 was a transitional, intermediate piece of software between the early browsers and the modern ones. As to its modern state, there is an interesting detail: Internet Explorer 3 can run under 32-bit Windows 7, unlike generally the 4.0-6.0 Explorers.

Features

HTML (with tables and frames) support is quite strong ( More ), Internet Explorer 3 lets some HTML tricks to be used without extra strain, like "HTML table borders without CSS".

CSS support in Internet Explorer 3 is weak ( More 1 ) ( More 2 ).

Internet Explorer 3 also supports VBScript, ActiveX (more than 1,000 Controls), Java applets, inline multimedia, VRML and a Microsoft's reverse-engineered version of JavaScript named JScript. All of the versions and capabilities corresponding to the level of the times.

Internet Explorer 3 was released for several platforms: x86(16/32 bit), 68k, PPC, MIPS, Alpha AXP. And several operating systems: Windows 3.1, Windows 95, Windows NT, System 7 / Mac OS 7, Mac OS 8. There was an effort to create an Internet Explorer 3 version for Sun Solaris, but it was slow and eventually dropped in favour of Internet Explorer 4.0 for Solaris.

Internet Explorer 3 had several accompanying, more or less integrated applications. Internet Mail and News an e-mail and news client, later replaced / renamed in IE4 as Outlook Express 4.0. Windows Address Book - single list of contacts that can be shared by multiple programs. Microsoft Comic Chat, a text chatting program that used cartoon avatars to display text and emotion. RealPlayer, a media players capable of streaming media over the Internet. Later Microsoft NetMeeting, a VoIP and multi-point videoconferencing client and Windows Media Player. And probably most important of all - Microsoft Java Virtual Machine, enabling support for Java applets in Internet Explorer 3.

Screenshots

Internet Explorer 3.01:

"Open local" file dialogue

[Image] : Internet Explorer 3 - 1

Internet Explorer 3.01:

"Save as" dialogue

[Image] : Internet Explorer 3 - 2

Internet Explorer 3.01:

"Options" dialogue

[Image] : Internet Explorer 3 - 3

Internet Explorer 3.01:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Explorer_3

[Image] : Internet Explorer 3 - 5

Internet Explorer 3.01:

amazon.com

[Image] : Internet Explorer 3 - 6

Internet Explorer 3.01:

yahoo.com

[Image] : Internet Explorer 3 - 5

Internet Explorer 3.01:

apple.com

[Image] : Internet Explorer 3 - 6

Download links

Keeping and running multiple versions of Internet Explorer on the same machine is not provided for by Microsoft. Although there had been a solution found to it, by a web developer Joe Maddalone ( More ). Since then there exist several packages with standalone IEs, ordinarily including multiple versions of Internet Explorers to download free of charge.

Download Internet Explorer 3: a pack, containing 3.0, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0 versions of Internet Explorer

Download Internet Explorer 3 - go to a page with links to download a pack, containing 1.0, 2.01, 3.0, 3.01, 3.03, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0, 7.0 and 8.0 versions of Internet Explorer

Running Internet Explorer of 4.0 - 6.0 versions may be a problem under even 32-bit Windows 7. So for the best experience 32-bit Windows XP SP3 is required.



Aliosque subditos et thema

 

JavaScript form submit

 

Submitting a form using JavaScript. A dropdown list (form + select + multiple options) is processed without any submit button. Example: --- Select a page --- Linux Windows DOS HTML / XHTML. Code: <form action="action.php" method="post"> <select name="page" required="required" onchange="this.form.submit()"> <option value="" selected="selected" disabled="disabled"> --- Select a page --- </option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/linux-1.htm">Linux</option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/windows-1.htm">Windows</option> <option value="http://www.kompx.com/en/os/dos-1.htm">DOS</option> </select> <noscript><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></noscript> </form> When an option has been chosen from the dropdown list, the form's state is changed. So the onchange event occurs and JavaScript code in onchange is executed: the process of the form submission in started by the script, not by clicking submit button which is absent. Some server-side script [ 3 ] is meant then to handle the form action. The script is supposed to get what the form sends and have it processed. A PHP script in action.php is used in the example: <?php if (isset($_POST["page"])) {     header("Location: $_POST[page]");     exit; } else {     echo "No options selected"; } $_POST is an array of variables passed to the current script via the HTTP POST method. So $_POST[page] contains the content of the value attribute in a select option. That is, a URL. It is passed from form to PHP script and the script redirects browser to the URL / page selected. HTML code of <noscript><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></noscript> is present in the form as a fallback in case JavaScript happens to be turned off. Then there is a submit button to appear and the form is usable anyway. [ 1 ] As well as Netscape 3.04+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 2 ] As well as Netscape 3.04+, Mozilla 0.6+. [ 3 ] If a CMS is used, form action may be handled by some of its inbuilt means.

ELinks

 

Features : Configuration : Use : Screenshots : Download links ELinks is an effort to create an advanced text-based web browser. It started as a fork based on the code of Links browser. Aiming first to try and realize several features more or less weak / absent in Links. Hence "E" in "ELinks" - "Experimental" [Links]. The success of the effort made it to be understood as "Extended" or "Enhanced". There was a crossroad at the point when Links browser achieved certain level of completeness, surpassing in some areas then the most advanced text mode web browser, Lynx: to move forward into displaying graphics and further beyond pure text or to enhance text-based web surfing experience beyond boundaries reached first by Lynx and then Links browsers - but still keeping it in text mode. The first course resulted into a Links version capable of displaying graphic content of web pages - Links2. The second one is ELinks web browser. Lynx was and is a very mature software in its kind. Its authors conceived and realized a quite elaborate concept of web surfing in text mode with specific abstractions and conventions, which aided to overcome many restrictions and shortages of text-based surfing and created an experience, a world so definitely different from rapidly expanding graphical web. But with the time HTML and hardware moved forward, spread of scripting languages took place, the whole world of presenting, finding and consuming information advanced. New possibilities appeared. Many of them were realized in Links web browser, but then next shift in information visual presentation in web documents - from more of HTML to more of CSS - made new roads open; even still keeping it to be in text mode. And that is where ELinks tries to come: colors in enabled consoles, some CSS positioning and even beginning of JavaScript / ECMAScript support. Technical part of networking (like SSL support) and various text encodings support were pretty strong in Links browser already, but ELinks enhanced some features and made others to be more worked out. ELinks moved forward the concept of text mode web browser, making ELinks the most advanced example of it. Although Lynx still keeps positions pretty strongly. Its concept of text mode web surfing even if being simplifying, bringing different approach to information presentation and handling rather than trying to be resembling to graphical web browsers environment - works quite well. Web documents become more and more complicated in realization and (while having all the inevitable restrictions of text mode web browsing) to follow a different way of handling it is quite competitive to trying to be like mainstream, graphic full featured web browsers of desktop computers. It is like this dilemma for smaller screen mobile devices browsers: to try and imitate full sized display computers or to transform web document and make it corresponding to the characteristics of the environment. Text-based web browsers are used mostly on computers with more or less large displays, so there are less of dimensional restrictions and more temptations: Lynx - to stay restrained, ELinks - to extend it. Features Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, other *nix systems, Windows, DOS, OS/2, BeOS and some others. HTML ( tables and frames including ). Meagre support for CSS and JavaScript ( More ). Support for 16, 88 or 256 colors palette in capable terminal emulators / consoles. Tabbed browsing, background download with queuing. Mouse support. Editing of text boxes / forms in web pages in external text editor. Shortcuts for URLs. Scripting in Perl, Lua, Guile, Ruby. Passing URI of a web page in ELinks or URI of a link in a web page in ELinks to external applications: from clipboard app (to copy URI and paste it some place else) to other web browser, etc. Control over how HTML of the surfed web pages is rendered: like display frames or not. Bookmarks. And More. HTTP and Proxy authentication. Persistent HTTP cookies. SSL. http, https, ftp, fsp, IPv4, IPv6 and experimentally BitTorrent, gopher, nntp protocols. Configuration Go to "ELinks.