Internet Explorer 3
Operating systems : Windows
World Wide Web service with its online experience like hypertext links, surfing, web pages as a combination of text and images / multimedia brought Internet to general public. As to general public, it all very much revolves around the web browser. The first web browser ever, WorldWideWeb (later renamed Nexus) had many of the features later to be considered as standard for web browsers, but it was an experiment, accessible and known to very few. The rest of users might expect more likely only a text-mode interface experience through a text-based web browsers like Line Mode Browser.
The turning point for the World Wide Web and all Internet was the advent of Mosaic, a graphical web browser, in 1993. First for Unix and then for Apple Macintosh and Microsoft Windows. Mosaic was not the first web browser for Windows though and it could not supersede Cello, the first and initially the only web browser for Windows.
Microsoft Windows was the fastest growing major platform for PC in the first half of 1990s. But Microsoft did not seem to recognize the importance of the web browser then. So the main competition under Windows at that time was among several versions of Mosaic and Cello. This competition gave birth to Netscape web browser, which became the dominant software of its kind for several years. This success and great public attention attracted by World Wide Web by 1995 made Microsoft to join in the efforts.
Internet Explorer 1 was just a first experiment. Internet Explorer 2 was intended to push the Internet Explorer case - it was made available to all Windows users for free, even commercial companies. But Netscape positions were not much undermined, Internet Explorer 2 being distinctly weaker in many features is among the reasons for that. Only after the release of Internet Explorer 3.0 Microsoft browsers began to close Netscape in qualities.
Internet Explorer 3 was not the first Microsoft attempt to find technical and marketing model like were Internet Explorers of 1 and 2. And it was not the first Microsoft modern web browser, the first for Microsoft to beat and surpass Netscape and all other web browser competitors like Internet Explorer 4 was. But Internet Explorer 3 still was the first in some things: the first commercial browser with Cascading Style Sheets / CSS support, the first Microsoft web browser without Spyglass source code and the first Microsoft web browser to gain a significant user share, 20-39% by the end of 1997 [ 1 ]. Still, Internet Explorer 3 was a transitional, intermediate piece of software between the early browsers and the modern ones. As to its modern state, there is an interesting detail: Internet Explorer 3 can run under 32-bit Windows 7, unlike generally the 4.0-6.0 Explorers.
Internet Explorer 3 was released for several platforms: x86(16/32 bit), 68k, PPC, MIPS, Alpha AXP. And several operating systems: Windows 3.1, Windows 95, Windows NT, System 7 / Mac OS 7, Mac OS 8. There was an effort to create an Internet Explorer 3 version for Sun Solaris, but it was slow and eventually dropped in favour of Internet Explorer 4.0 for Solaris.
Internet Explorer 3 had several accompanying, more or less integrated applications. Internet Mail and News an e-mail and news client, later replaced / renamed in IE4 as Outlook Express 4.0. Windows Address Book - single list of contacts that can be shared by multiple programs. Microsoft Comic Chat, a text chatting program that used cartoon avatars to display text and emotion. RealPlayer, a media players capable of streaming media over the Internet. Later Microsoft NetMeeting, a VoIP and multi-point videoconferencing client and Windows Media Player. And probably most important of all - Microsoft Java Virtual Machine, enabling support for Java applets in Internet Explorer 3.
Internet Explorer 3.01:
Keeping and running multiple versions of Internet Explorer on the same machine is not provided for by Microsoft. Although there had been a solution found to it, by a web developer Joe Maddalone ( More ). Since then there exist several packages with standalone IEs, ordinarily including multiple versions of Internet Explorers to download free of charge.
Download Internet Explorer 3: a pack, containing 3.0, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0 versions of Internet Explorer
Download Internet Explorer 3 - go to a page with links to download a pack, containing 1.0, 2.01, 3.0, 3.01, 3.03, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0, 7.0 and 8.0 versions of Internet Explorer
Running Internet Explorer of 4.0 - 6.0 versions may be a problem under even 32-bit Windows 7. So for the best experience 32-bit Windows XP SP3 is required.
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Lynx : Links : ELinks Text-based, or console web browsers are more typical for the Linux environment and other Unix-like systems. There the text-based web browsers were created, there is their main line of development. Very few (e.g., Wanna-Be / WannaBe for classic Mac OS) console web browsers were made originally for some other operating systems. And the text web browsers for Windows are the versions of console web browsers for *nix systems. Although those of them that do not work in the Cygwin environment have their little peculiarities. In former times text-based web browsers were an important tool for viewing web documents. With the development of GUI programs further in the dial-up era, text web browsers have been useful as the fastest way to view web documents and as a part of text-to-speech systems. The spread of broadband Internet and specialized soft for text-to-speech systems cut the scope of the console web browsers. All the more, most Windows users have always had a quite vague idea of their existence. However, text web browsers are highly specialized mature tools that may be useful in various situations using Windows. Lynx - / home page / Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, DOS, Windows, BeOS, MINIX, QNX, AmigaOS, OpenVMS and classic Mac OS. HTML ( More 1 ) ( More 2 ). Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: lynx.isc.org Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynx_(web_browser) Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: ebay.com Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: kompx.com/en/web-browsers-for-dos.htm Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: twitter.com Links - / home page / Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, BeOS, Haiku, OS/2, DOS, Windows.
There are more than few online services for sitemap.xml generation. But it is also possible to do it yourself, by means of lynx web browser and several Linux command line utilities. An example bash script employing them, named "sitemap.sh" is described below. Bash script creating a sitemap.xml file: #!/bin/bash cd /home/me/sitemap/www/ lynx -crawl -traversal -accept_all_cookies -connect_timeout=30 http://www.compmiscellanea.com/ > /dev/null cd /home/me/sitemap/www2/ lynx -crawl -traversal -accept_all_cookies -connect_timeout=30 http://compmiscellanea.com/ > /dev/null cat /home/me/sitemap/www2/traverse.dat >> /home/me/sitemap/www/traverse.dat cat /home/me/sitemap/www/traverse.dat | sed -e 's/\<www\>\.//g' | sort | uniq > /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i 's/\&/\&\;/g' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i "s/'/\&apos\;/g" /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i 's/"/\"\;/g' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i 's/>/\>\;/g' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i 's/</\<\;/g' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i 's/http:\/\//http:\/\/www\./g' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i -e 's/^/<url><loc>/' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i -e 's/$/<\/loc><\/url>/' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i -e '1 i <?xml version="1\.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>\r\r<urlset xmlns="http:\/\/www\.sitemaps\.org\/schemas\/sitemap\/0\.9" xmlns:xsi="http:\/\/www\.w3\.org\/2001\/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http:\/\/www\.sitemaps\.org\/schemas\/sitemap\/0\.9 http:\/\/www\.sitemaps\.org\/schemas\/sitemap\/0\.9\/sitemap\.xsd">\r\r<!-- created by sitemap.sh from http:\/\/www.compmiscellanea.com\/en\/lynx-browser-creating-sitemap.xml\.htm -->\r\r' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i -e '$ a \\r</urlset>' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml sed -i '/static/d' /home/me/sitemap/sitemap/sitemap.xml echo "...Done" After the bash script file is prepared: "chmod +x sitemap.sh" to make it executable. Download sitemap.sh in sitemap.sh.tar.gz archive ( After downloading and unpacking it, put a web site name with "www" instead of http://www.compmiscellanea.com/ and a web site name without "www" instead of http://compmiscellanea.com/ in the file. Replace "static" in the last line of the file by a string unnecessary links should possess to be removed. Then "chmod +x sitemap.sh". Then run sitemap.sh ). Commentary Download sitemap2.sh with line by line commentary in sitemap2.sh.tar.gz archive. Before running the bash script, three folders should be created. Since lynx browser may miss some links if a web site domain name to be crawled is put with or without "www", bash script runs lynx twice, crawling the web site by its name with "www" and crawling the web site by its name without "www". The two result files are put into two of these separate folders, here they are "/home/me/sitemap/www/" and "/home/me/sitemap/www2/". And "/home/me/sitemap/sitemap/" is for sitemap.xml created in the end. 1. Path to bash: #!/bin/bash 2. Going to a folder - lynx browser is going to put there the files obtained from crawling a web site with "www" in its name: cd /home/me/sitemap/www/ 3. Running lynx browser to crawl a web site.