Kompx.com or Compmiscellanea.com

Windows console applications. Web browsers

Operating systems : Windows

Lynx : Links : ELinks

Text-based, or console web browsers are more typical for the Linux environment and other Unix-like systems. There the text-based web browsers were created, there is their main line of development. Very few (e.g., Wanna-Be / WannaBe for classic Mac OS) console web browsers were made originally for some other operating systems. And the text web browsers for Windows are the versions of console web browsers for *nix systems. Although those of them that do not work in the Cygwin environment have their little peculiarities.

In former times text-based web browsers were an important tool for viewing web documents. With the development of GUI programs further in the dial-up era, text web browsers have been useful as the fastest way to view web documents and as a part of text-to-speech systems. The spread of broadband Internet and specialized soft for text-to-speech systems cut the scope of the console web browsers. All the more, most Windows users have always had a quite vague idea of their existence. However, text web browsers are highly specialized mature tools that may be useful in various situations using Windows.

Lynx - / home page /

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, DOS, Windows, BeOS, MINIX, QNX, AmigaOS, OpenVMS and classic Mac OS.

HTML ( More 1 ) ( More 2 ).

Lynx 2.8.5rel.1:

lynx.isc.org

Image : Lynx - 1

Lynx 2.8.5rel.1:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : Lynx - 2

Lynx 2.8.5rel.1:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynx_(web_browser)

Image : Lynx - 3

Lynx 2.8.5rel.1:

ebay.com

Image : Lynx - 4

Lynx 2.8.5rel.1:

twitter.com

Image : Lynx - 6

Links - / home page /

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, BeOS, Haiku, OS/2, DOS, Windows. Besides the text version of the browser, there is also a variant capable of displaying graphics, fonts of various sizes with anti-aliasing, working in Linux and other *nix systems both under X (or other windowing system) and using SVGALib or framebuffer of system's graphic card ( Go to ).

HTML ( tables and frames including ).

Links 0.98:

jikos.cz/~mikulas/links

Image : Links - 1

Links 0.98:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

Image : Links - 2

Links 0.98:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Links_(web_browser)

Image : Links - 3

Links 0.98:

ebay.com

Image : Links - 4

Links 0.98:

twitter.com

Image : Links - 6

ELinks - / home page /

Download ELinks prepared for working under Windows without Cygwin

Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, some other *nix systems, Windows, DOS.

HTML ( tables and frames including ). Meagre support for CSS and JavaScript ( More ). Support for 16, 88 or 256 colors palette. Support for tabbed browsing, background download with queueing. Experimental support for BitTorrent protocol.

ELinks 0.11.6:

elinks.cz

ELinks - 1

ELinks 0.11.6:

w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp

ELinks - 2

ELinks 0.11.6:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ELinks

ELinks - 3

ELinks 0.11.6:

ebay.com

ELinks - 4

ELinks 0.11.6:

twitter.com

ELinks - 6

Along with lynx, links and elinks, there may be other text web browsers used under Windows - in the Cygwin environment. For instance, the w3m console web browser ( Home page ). Or one of the text-based web browsers for DOS - DOSLYNX.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

HTML centering

 

Centering the whole content of a web page in the viewable area of a browser by pure HTML - no CSS. A box to keep the content of the page is HTML centered horizontally and vertically - [ Open demo page ] HTML. Code: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"> <html> <head> <title>HTML centering</title> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=Windows-1252"> </head> <body bgcolor="#ffffff"> <table width="100%" height="100%" bgcolor="#a3ddc4"> <tr> <td align="center"> <table width="800" height="500" bgcolor="#ff6f6f"> <tr> <td>&nbsp;</td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> </body> </html> The outer HTML table makes the whole web browser viewable area, except margins, a HTML table and the whole area of this HTML table - a HTML table cell. The cell of the outer HTML table inherits the default value for valign attribute from its parent table row. And this row in its turn inherits the default value for valign attribute from the outer HTML table tbody - even if tbody tag is not used. And that value is middle. So a block of content inside the cell of the outer HTML table is centered vertically in web browser viewable are. Align="center" of the outer HTML table cell makes a block of content inside it centered horizontally in web browser viewable are. The inner table, the one inside of the outer HTML table cell makes up a box of a given size. Or there may be no set height or no set width or both. Then the size of the box is to adjust to accommodate the content, whatever its dimensions are. If the width or height or both of the box results to be larger than web browser viewable area, then it still ends up to be centered. Since HTML centering is the oldest method to center content horizontally and vertically, it works well not just in older web browsers, but in ones that can be described as downright ancient. Like adding one more HTML tag ( <center></center> ) around the outer table makes it funcion as deep as Internet Explorer 3 : [ Open demo page ] Download Internet Explorer 3: a pack, containing 3.0, 4.01, 5.01, 5.5, 6.0 versions of Internet Explorer HTML.

CSS centering floated elements

 

Centering an inline block containing several inline elements. The block is centered horizontally - [ Open demo page ]. Sometimes there is a need to have a centered group of floated elements, which is to serve as a title or a pagination box. Since this group of floated elements is going to be used as a title for content blocks of various dimensions or pagination box may grow or shrink in its size, then the width of the group of floated elements is to vary unpredictably as well. So a method of centering based on using a certain known width of the box is not going to work. And as an extra to the task there is a desirable condition: the title or pagination box has to be centered once and for all at the time of the box creation, so that this group of floated elements may be reused without any extra work over it: just place the complex where you need it and put the text or / and images you want to inside it - the group is centered anyway. This problem can be solved by several methods using several technologies: CSS, CSS + JavaScript, CSS + HTML (<table></table> tags system). The CSS centering floated elements is the most simple and reliable. So, here a pure CSS centering of floated elements is discussed. CSS centering floated elements: 1. First, a more simple case, css centering of a title box consisting of floated elements: images and text: HTML / XHTML. Code: <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd"> <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> <head> <title>CSS centering floated elements: 1</title> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=Windows-1252" /> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css.css" /> </head> <body> <div class="box"> <span class="title-box"> <img src="snowflake.gif" width="37" height="34" alt="" class="title-imgs" /> <span class="title-text">CSS centering floated elements</span> <img src="snowflake.gif" width="37" height="34" alt="" class="title-imgs" /> </span> </div> </body> </html> CSS.