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Windows console applications

Operating systems : Windows

Some time ago text-based applications were the only form of software of average end user computer experience. As well as after the graphical user interface programs started to become widespread, console applications used to retain their strong positions. But gradually GUI software virtually superseded text-based applications in daily use of the average end user. However, even now there are console programs that can more or less compete with software of graphical user interface, be useful for the average user to solve various problems and fulfill numerous tasks on modern computers.

Besides file managers, multimedia programs, text editors, web browsers, there are plenty of other text-based programs and utilities for use under Windows: both standalone and those included in MS Windows distributions. For example, ipconfig and netstat for work with network, Windows built-in FTP client useful for some tasks, CommandBurner for command line burning CD / DVD or cdburn with dvdburn from Windows Server 2003 Support Tools for the same, etc.


Aliosque subditos et thema

 

Windows console applications. Web browsers

 

Lynx : Links : ELinks Text-based, or console web browsers are more typical for the Linux environment and other Unix-like systems. There the text-based web browsers were created, there is their main line of development. Very few (e.g., Wanna-Be / WannaBe for classic Mac OS) console web browsers were made originally for some other operating systems. And the text web browsers for Windows are the versions of console web browsers for *nix systems. Although those of them that do not work in the Cygwin environment have their little peculiarities. In former times text-based web browsers were an important tool for viewing web documents. With the development of GUI programs further in the dial-up era, text web browsers have been useful as the fastest way to view web documents and as a part of text-to-speech systems. The spread of broadband Internet and specialized soft for text-to-speech systems cut the scope of the console web browsers. All the more, most Windows users have always had a quite vague idea of their existence. However, text web browsers are highly specialized mature tools that may be useful in various situations using Windows. Lynx - / home page / Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, DOS, Windows, BeOS, MINIX, QNX, AmigaOS, OpenVMS and classic Mac OS. HTML ( More 1 ) ( More 2 ). Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: lynx.isc.org Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: w3schools.com/browsers/browsers_stats.asp Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynx_(web_browser) Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: ebay.com Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: kompx.com/en/web-browsers-for-dos.htm Lynx 2.8.5rel.1: twitter.com Links - / home page / Text-based web browser. Versions for Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, some other *nix systems, BeOS, Haiku, OS/2, DOS, Windows.

CSS centering

 

1 ) CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 1 Centering a container with the whole content of a web page inside in the viewable area of a web browser by means of CSS. A box to contain the whole content of the page is CSS centered horizontally and vertically. More for modern web browsers : [ More ] : [ Open demo page ] 2 ) CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 2 Centering a container with the whole content of a web page inside in the viewable area of a web browser by means of CSS. A box to contain the whole content of the page is CSS centered horizontally and vertically. More conservative, than the previous method. Suitable not only for modern web browsers, but for older ones as well - like Internet Explorer 6 or earlier Maxthon. A shortcoming - it takes more efforts to maintain the CSS code compared to [ CSS horizontal and vertical centering - 1 ] method : [ More ] : [ Open demo page ] 3 ) CSS centering floated elements Floated elements of unknown width are CSS centered horizontally : [ More ] : [ Open demo page ] 4 ) CSS centering absolutely positioned elements CSS horizontal centering of an absolutely positioned element : [ More ] 5 ) CSS centering image CSS horizontal centering of an image : [ More ] 6 ) CSS vertical alignment CSS vertical alignment of a block element containing text and images. The method works for various combinations of inline and block elements : [ More ] 7 ) JavaScript + CSS centering Centering content of a web page by means of JavaScript and CSS. A block containing the content of a page is JavaScript + CSS centered horizontally and vertically : [ More ] : Two cases : 1. A block is centered, if screen resolution is equal to or greater than 1024x768 : [ Open demo page ] 2. A block is centered, if screen resolution is equal to or greater than 1024x768 + mouse cursor is moved over a link in an element of the page content : [ Open demo page ]